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Valproate is widely used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and chronic pain disorders, but its exact mechanisms of action is still incompletely understood.
Here we used transcranial magnetic stimulation to explore effects of a single dose of 800 mg valproate on motor cortex excitability in healthy volunteers.
Motor threshold, peripheral maximum M-wave, cortical silent period short intracortical inhibition, intracortical facilitation, and motor evoked potential recruitment were assessed before and 1.5 h after the administration of valproate in 15 (eight male, seven female) healthy volunteers.
None of the measures of cortical excitability were found to be altered significantly after valproate.
These results are in line with previous findings of unaffected intracortical excitability after a single dose of valproate, suggesting that valproate's immediate in vivo actions do not resemble the effects of classic GABAergic compounds.
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University of Regensburg, Universitaetsstraße 84, 93053, Regensburg, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
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A composite area of the cerebral cortex concerned with motor control and sensory perception comprising the motor cortex areas, the somatosensory areas, the gustatory cortex, the olfactory areas, the auditory cortex, and the visual cortex.
Measurable changes in activities in the CEREBRAL CORTEX upon a stimulation. A change in cortical excitability as measured by various techniques (e.g., TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION) is associated with brain disorders.
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Area of the frontal lobe concerned with primary motor control. It lies anterior to the central sulcus.
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