Modulation of human motor cortex excitability by valproate.
Summary of "Modulation of human motor cortex excitability by valproate."
Valproate is widely used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and chronic pain disorders, but its exact mechanisms of action is still incompletely understood.
Here we used transcranial magnetic stimulation to explore effects of a single dose of 800 mg valproate on motor cortex excitability in healthy volunteers.
Motor threshold, peripheral maximum M-wave, cortical silent period short intracortical inhibition, intracortical facilitation, and motor evoked potential recruitment were assessed before and 1.5 h after the administration of valproate in 15 (eight male, seven female) healthy volunteers.
None of the measures of cortical excitability were found to be altered significantly after valproate.
These results are in line with previous findings of unaffected intracortical excitability after a single dose of valproate, suggesting that valproate's immediate in vivo actions do not resemble the effects of classic GABAergic compounds.
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University of Regensburg, Universitaetsstraße 84, 93053, Regensburg, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21161183
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-010-2126-y
The link between basic physiology and its modulation by cognitive states, such as attention, is poorly understood. A significant association becomes apparent when patients with movement disorders desc...
Previous studies have investigated how tDCS over the primary motor cortex modulates excitability in the intrinsic hand muscles. Here, we tested if tDCS changes corticomotor excitability and/or cortica...
We explored the brain's ability to quickly prevent a pre-potent but unwanted motor response. To address this, transcranial magnetic stimulation was delivered over the motor cortex (hand representation...
Different memories follow different processing pathways. For example, some motor skill memories are enhanced over wakefulness, whereas others are instead enhanced over sleep. The processing pathway th...
The plasticity of motor cortex is integral for motor memory and skills acquisition but it declines with aging. Forty healthy volunteers, across 6 decades, were tested to examine the (a) age-dependency...
This study is intended to investigate neurophysiological mechanisms of hypnosis using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and assessment of motor cortex excitability in healthy volunte...
tDCS has been shown to be an effective treatment for depression. However, tDCS is a relatively new clinical tool and more needs to be understood about its use. This study hopes to further ...
Deep Brain Stimulation represents the golden standard for surgical treatment of Parkinson disease (PD), but it is not optimally effective for controlling every motor sign and adverse event...
This study will evaluate the clinical efficacy of 1 Hz repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) applied to the Supplementary Motor Area (SMA) in OCD patients who have not fully ...
The motor cortex of the brain changes following chronic pain and injury, and this is linked to pain-associated changes in motor behaviour. This study aimed to investigate whether therapeut...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A technique that involves the use of electrical coils on the head to generate a brief magnetic field which reaches the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is coupled with ELECTROMYOGRAPHY response detection to assess cortical excitability by the threshold required to induce MOTOR EVOKED POTENTIALS. This method is also used for BRAIN MAPPING, to study NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, and as a substitute for ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY for treating DEPRESSION. Induction of SEIZURES limits its clinical usage.
Mild or moderate loss of motor function accompanied by spasticity in the lower extremities. This condition is a manifestation of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES that cause injury to the motor cortex or descending motor pathways.
Area of the frontal lobe concerned with primary motor control. It lies anterior to the central sulcus.
Loss of detectable antigen from the surface of a cell after incubation with antibodies. This is one method in which some tumors escape detection by the immune system. Antigenic modulation of target antigens also reduces the therapeutic effectiveness of treatment by monoclonal antibodies.
Diseases characterized by a selective degeneration of the motor neurons of the spinal cord, brainstem, or motor cortex. Clinical subtypes are distinguished by the major site of degeneration. In AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS there is involvement of upper, lower, and brainstem motor neurons. In progressive muscular atrophy and related syndromes (see MUSCULAR ATROPHY, SPINAL) the motor neurons in the spinal cord are primarily affected. With progressive bulbar palsy (BULBAR PALSY, PROGRESSIVE), the initial degeneration occurs in the brainstem. In primary lateral sclerosis, the cortical neurons are affected in isolation. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)