Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Valproate is widely used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and chronic pain disorders, but its exact mechanisms of action is still incompletely understood.
Here we used transcranial magnetic stimulation to explore effects of a single dose of 800 mg valproate on motor cortex excitability in healthy volunteers.
Motor threshold, peripheral maximum M-wave, cortical silent period short intracortical inhibition, intracortical facilitation, and motor evoked potential recruitment were assessed before and 1.5 h after the administration of valproate in 15 (eight male, seven female) healthy volunteers.
None of the measures of cortical excitability were found to be altered significantly after valproate.
These results are in line with previous findings of unaffected intracortical excitability after a single dose of valproate, suggesting that valproate's immediate in vivo actions do not resemble the effects of classic GABAergic compounds.
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University of Regensburg, Universitaetsstraße 84, 93053, Regensburg, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Neuroligins (NLGNs) regulate synaptic excitability, neuronal signaling and sleep. We hypothesize that alteration of NLGNs is involved in the pathology of depression and tested the hypothesis in a mode...
Several different electrode configurations were originally proposed to induce excitability changes in the hand area of the motor cortex in transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). However only ...
Previous studies have shown a tendency for reduced motor cortex inhibition in chronic pain populations. People with chronic pain also routinely demonstrate motor deficiencies, including skill learning...
The aim of the present study was to assess, in healthy individuals, the impact of M1-M1 tDCS on primary motor cortex excitability using transcranial magnetic stimulation and sensorimotor metabolite co...
Corticospinal excitability in the hand muscles decreases during smooth pursuit eye movement. The present study tested a hypothesis that the decrease in corticospinal excitability in the hand muscles a...
This study is intended to investigate neurophysiological mechanisms of hypnosis using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and assessment of motor cortex excitability in healthy volunte...
tDCS has been shown to be an effective treatment for depression. However, tDCS is a relatively new clinical tool and more needs to be understood about its use. This study hopes to further ...
Deep Brain Stimulation represents the golden standard for surgical treatment of Parkinson disease (PD), but it is not optimally effective for controlling every motor sign and adverse event...
This study will evaluate the clinical efficacy of 1 Hz repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) applied to the Supplementary Motor Area (SMA) in OCD patients who have not fully ...
The aim of this study is to investigate the motor and visual cortex excitability in response to visual stimulation of migraineurs with and without aura compared to healthy individuals. For...
A technique that involves the use of electrical coils on the head to generate a brief magnetic field which reaches the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is coupled with ELECTROMYOGRAPHY response detection to assess cortical excitability by the threshold required to induce MOTOR EVOKED POTENTIALS. This method is also used for BRAIN MAPPING, to study NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, and as a substitute for ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY for treating DEPRESSION. Induction of SEIZURES limits its clinical usage.
Mild or moderate loss of motor function accompanied by spasticity in the lower extremities. This condition is a manifestation of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES that cause injury to the motor cortex or descending motor pathways.
Area of the frontal lobe concerned with primary motor control. It lies anterior to the central sulcus.
Loss of detectable antigen from the surface of a cell after incubation with antibodies. This is one method in which some tumors escape detection by the immune system. Antigenic modulation of target antigens also reduces the therapeutic effectiveness of treatment by monoclonal antibodies.
Diseases characterized by a selective degeneration of the motor neurons of the spinal cord, brainstem, or motor cortex. Clinical subtypes are distinguished by the major site of degeneration. In AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS there is involvement of upper, lower, and brainstem motor neurons. In progressive muscular atrophy and related syndromes (see MUSCULAR ATROPHY, SPINAL) the motor neurons in the spinal cord are primarily affected. With progressive bulbar palsy (BULBAR PALSY, PROGRESSIVE), the initial degeneration occurs in the brainstem. In primary lateral sclerosis, the cortical neurons are affected in isolation. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)
Epilepsy is defined as a disorder of brain function characterized by recurrent seizures that have a sudden onset. (Oxford Medical Dictionary). A seizure is caused by a sudden burst of excess electrical activity in the brain, causing a tempora...
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...