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Assessment of left ventricular volumes, ejection fraction and mass. Comparison of model-based analysis of ECG-gated 99mTc-SPECT and 18F-FDG-PET.

Summary of "Assessment of left ventricular volumes, ejection fraction and mass. Comparison of model-based analysis of ECG-gated 99mTc-SPECT and 18F-FDG-PET."

Aim: We compared and delineated possible differences of model-based analysis of ECG-gated SPECT using 99mTc-sestamibi (Tc-SPECT) with ECG-gated 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-PET (FDG-PET) for determination of end-diastolic (EDV) and end-systolic (ESV) cardiac volumes, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and myocardial mass (LVMM). Patients, methods: 24 patients (21 men; age: 54±12years) with coronary artery disease underwent Tc-SPECT and FDG-PET imaging for evaluation of myocardial perfusion and viability. By using model-based analysis EDV, ESV, LVEF and LVMM were calculated from short axis images of both Tc-SPECT and FDG-PET. Results: Left ventricular volumes by Tc-SPECT and FDG-PET were 176±60 ml and 181±59 ml for EDV, and 97±44 ml and 103±45 ml for ESV respectively, LVEF was 47±8% by Tc-SPECT and 45±9% by FDG-PET. The LVMM was 214±40 g (Tc-SPECT) and 202±43 g (FDG-PET) (all p = NS, paired t-test). A significant correlation was observed between Tc-SPECT and FDG-PET imaging for calculation of EDV (r = 0.93), ESV (r = 0.93), LVEF (r = 0.83) and LVMM (r = 0.72). Conclusion: ECG-gated Tc-SPECT and FDG-PET using two tracers with different characteristics (perfusion versus metabolism) showed close agreement concerning measurements of left ventricular volumes, contractile function and myocardial mass by using a model-based analysis.

Affiliation

Aliasghar Khorsand, PhD., Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria, Tel. +43/1/404 00 46 41, Fax +43/1/404 00 42 16, E-mail: aliasghar.khorsand@meduniwien.ac.at.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear medicine
ISSN: 0029-5566
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.

Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

A condition in which the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION, and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the right ventricular wall.

A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).

Rare congenital cardiomyopathies characterized by the lack of left ventricular myocardium compaction. The noncompaction results in numerous prominent trabeculations and a loose myocardial meshwork (spongy myocardium) in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Heterogeneous clinical features include diminished systolic function sometimes associated with left ventricular dilation, that presents either neonatally or progressively. Often, the RIGHT VENTRICLE is also affected. CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE; PULMONARY EMBOLISM; and ventricular ARRHYTHMIA are commonly seen.

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