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Kantonsspital Frauenfeld, Frauenfeld, Switzerland.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The New England journal of medicine
Patients with adrenal insufficiency (AI) (primary [PAI], secondary to pituitary disease [PIT] and congenital adrenal hyperplasia [CAH]) have reduced life expectancy; however, the underlying explanatio...
Treatment for adrenal insufficiency (AI) remains suboptimal. Despite glucocorticoid replacement, patients with AI have reduced life expectancy and quality of life. This study aimed to describe the spe...
Recent guidelines recommend a diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency when a stimulated peak cortisol level falls below 500nmol/L.This may not be valid using a highly specific cortisol immunoassay or liqui...
NR0B1 is the causative gene for X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita, characterized by adrenal insufficiency, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and infertility. We identified an NR0B1 frameshift mutatio...
Various glucocorticoid regimens have been used in the treatment of patients with adrenal insufficiency, yet the differences between such regimens on health outcomes are unclear.
An appropriate hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis response is required to survive critical illness. Primary adrenal insufficiency, relative adrenal insufficiency, tissue resistance ...
The study will be conducted in a total of 24 subjects before their 6th birthday, requiring replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency due to either CAH, primary adrenal failure or hypop...
Even under established replacement therapy, patients with adrenal insufficiency still suffer from impaired quality of life and experience adrenal crises. Patient education is regarded as i...
The purpose of this study is to compare cardio-metabolic risk, glucose tolerance, and night time blood pressure between healthy control subjects and patients with adrenal insufficiency.
The purpose of this survey is to assess patients with chronic primary or secondary adrenal failure regarding subjective health status, incidence and causes of adrenal crisis, hormone repla...
Conditions in which the production of adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS falls below the requirement of the body. Adrenal insufficiency can be caused by defects in the ADRENAL GLANDS, the PITUITARY GLAND, or the HYPOTHALAMUS.
An X-linked recessive disorder characterized by the accumulation of saturated very long chain fatty acids in the LYSOSOMES of ADRENAL CORTEX and the white matter of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This disease occurs almost exclusively in the males. Clinical features include the childhood onset of ATAXIA; NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HYPERPIGMENTATION; ADRENAL INSUFFICIENCY; SEIZURES; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and DEMENTIA. The slowly progressive adult form is called adrenomyeloneuropathy. The defective gene ABCD1 is located at Xq28, and encodes the adrenoleukodystrophy protein (ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS).
A condition caused by overwhelming BACTERIAL INFECTIONS or SEPTICEMIA, leading to HEMORRHAGE and NECROSIS of the ADRENAL GLAND. It is characterized by rapidly developing ADRENAL INSUFFICIENCY; HYPOTENSION; and widespread cutaneous PURPURA. This syndrome may occur at any age but is more common in children.
Abnormal SEX DIFFERENTIATION caused by disorders of the GONADS or the ADRENAL GLANDS, such as CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA and ADRENAL CORTEX NEOPLASMS. Due to abnormal steroid biosynthesis, clinical features include VIRILISM in females; FEMINIZATION in males; or precocious sexual development in children.
A type of CARTILAGE characterized by a homogenous amorphous matrix containing predominately TYPE II COLLAGEN and ground substance. Hyaline cartilage is found in ARTICULAR CARTILAGE; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; and the NASAL SEPTUM.