Advertisement
Advertise here Publish your press releases here Sponsor BioPortfolio
Follow us on Twitter Sign up for daily news and research emails Contributors wanted

The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and a single screening question as screening tools for depressive disorder in Dutch advanced cancer patients.

06:46 EDT 29th July 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and a single screening question as screening tools for depressive disorder in Dutch advanced cancer patients."


PURPOSE:
Depression is highly prevalent in advanced cancer patients, but the diagnosis of depressive disorder in patients with advanced cancer is difficult. Screening instruments could facilitate diagnosing depressive disorder in patients with advanced cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the validity of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and a single screening question as screening tools for depressive disorder in advanced cancer patients.
METHODS:
Patients with advanced metastatic disease, visiting the outpatient palliative care department, were asked to fill out a self-questionnaire containing the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and a single screening question "Are you feeling depressed?" The mood section of the PRIME-MD was used as a gold standard.
RESULTS:
Sixty-one patients with advanced metastatic disease were eligible to be included in the study. Complete data were obtained from 46 patients. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristics analysis of the BDI-II was 0.82. The optimal cut-off point of the BDI-II was 16 with a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 69%. The single screening question showed a sensitivity of 50% and a specificity of 94%.
CONCLUSIONS:
The BDI-II seems an adequate screening tool for a depressive disorder in advanced cancer patients. The sensitivity of a single screening question is poor.

Affiliation

Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Palliative Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Huispost 630, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, f.warmenhoven@anes.umcn.nl.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
ISSN: 1433-7339
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [16007 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Hungarian version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) for screening Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) can be considered as an intermediate stage between normal cognitive aging and dementia. Its screening is extremely important because within a year in 15-20% of cases de...

Psoriatic arthritis screening tools - Study design and methodologic challenges.

In their study "Comparison of three screening tools to detect psoriatic arthritis in patients with psoriasis (CONTEST study)", Coates et al compared three published, validated screening tools for pso...

Identification of psychological dysfunctions and eating disorders in obese women seeking weight loss: cross-sectional study.

Objective. The aim of this study is to analyse associations between eating behaviour and psychological dysfunctions in treatment-seeking obese patients and identify parameters for the development of d...

Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory-II: a comprehensive review.

Objective: To review the psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) as a self-report measure of depression in a variety of settings and populations. Methods: Relevant studies...

Eating Disorders in Female Athletes: Use of Screening Tools.

Screening female athletes for eating disorders is not performed commonly even though the American College of Sports Medicine, National Athletic Trainer Association, and International Olympic Committee...

Clinical Trials [3839 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Affective Processing in Depression and Epilepsy

The goal of this study is to determine whether there are unique markers on neuroimaging that are associated with depression in epilepsy.

Correlation Analysis of Hearing Thresholds, Validated Questionnaires and Psychoacoustic Measurements in Tinnitus Patients

Objective: To evaluate the correlation between audiometric thresholds, pitch matching (PM), minimum masking level (MML), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and the Beck Depression Inventory...

Depression Screening in Patients With Lung Cancer

RATIONALE: Screening tests may help doctors find depression in patients with lung cancer, allow doctors to recommend treatment for depression, and improve the patient's quality of life....

Tools for Improving Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates: Multimedia Versus Print

The objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of multimedia and print tools designed to provide patients at safety-net clinics with comprehensible information about colorecta...

Fish Oil for the Treatment of Depression in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

This study will determine whether fish oil can reduce depression in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) who are mild to moderately depressed and are currently taking antidepressant medicat...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.

A psychological test consisting of true/false items. It is used as a diagnostic screening or clinical assessment of adults who evidence problematic emotional and interpersonal symptoms or who are undergoing PSYCHOTHERAPY or a psychodiagnostic evaluation.

Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.

Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.

Measures for assessing the results of diagnostic and screening tests. Sensitivity represents the proportion of truly diseased persons in a screened population who are identified as being diseased by the test. It is a measure of the probability of correctly diagnosing a condition. Specificity is the proportion of truly nondiseased persons who are so identified by the screening test. It is a measure of the probability of correctly identifying a nondiseased person. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Search BioPortfolio: