Prospective Clinical Trial of Preoperative Sunitinib in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma.
Summary of "Prospective Clinical Trial of Preoperative Sunitinib in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma."
Sunitinib is an approved treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. We performed a prospective clinical trial to evaluate the safety and clinical response to sunitinib administered before nephrectomy in patients with localized or metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma. MATERIALS AND
Patients with biopsy proven clear cell renal cell carcinoma were enrolled in the study and treated with 37.5 mg sunitinib malate daily for 3 months before nephrectomy. The primary end point was safety.
In an 18-month period 20 patients were enrolled. The most common toxicities were gastrointestinal symptoms and hematological effects. Grade 3 toxicity developed in 6 patients (30%). No surgical complications were attributable to sunitinib treatment. Of the 20 patients 17 (85%) experienced reduced tumor diameter (mean change -11.8%, range -27% to 11%) and cross-sectional area (mean change -27.9%, range -43% to 23%). Enhancement on contrast enhanced computerized tomography decreased in 15 patients (mean HU change -22%, range -74% to 29%). After tumor reduction 8 patients with cT1b disease underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Surgical parameters, such as blood loss, transfusion rate, operative time and complications, were similar to those in patients who underwent surgery during the study period and were not enrolled in the trial.
Preoperative treatment with sunitinib is safe. Sunitinib decreased the size of primary renal cell carcinoma in 17 of 20 patients. Future trials can be considered to evaluate neoadjuvant sunitinib to maximize nephron sparing and decrease the recurrence of high risk, localized renal cell carcinoma.
Department of Urology.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of urology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20643461
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2010.05.041
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Controlled Clinical Trial
Work consisting of a clinical trial involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicine, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trial is characterized as a RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL.
Compassionate Use Trials
Providing an investigational therapy to a patient who is not eligible to receive that therapy in a clinical trial, but who has a serious or life-threatening illness for which other treatments are not available. Compassionate use trials allow patients to receive promising but not yet fully studied or approved therapies when no other treatment option exists. Also called expanded access trial.
Clinical Trial, Phase Ii
Work that is a report of a pre-planned, usually controlled, clinical study of the safety and efficacy of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques based on several hundred volunteers, including a limited number of patients, and conducted over a period of about two years in either the United States or a foreign country.
Clinical Trial, Phase Iii
Work that is a report of a pre-planned, usually controlled, clinical study of the safety and efficacy of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques after phase II trials. A large enough group of patients is studied and closely monitored by physicians for adverse response to long-term exposure, over a period of about three years in either the United States or a foreign country.
Randomized Controlled Trial
Work consisting of a clinical trial that involves at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
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