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In this paper, we report direct patterning of metal nanostructures using an embossed solid electrochemical stamp. Microforming of solid superionic stamps using Si templates-analogous to polymer patterning in nano-imprint lithography-is explored. Silver sulfide (Ag(2)S)-a superionic conductor with excellent microforming properties-is investigated as a candidate material. Important parameters of the superionic stamp, including mechanical behavior, material flow during forming and feature recovery after embossing, are studied. Excellent feature transferability during embossing as well as etching is observed. To illustrate the capability of this approach silver nano-antennas with gaps < 10 nm were successfully fabricated. The possibility for large area patterning with stamp diameters > 6 mm is also demonstrated. Embossing-based metal patterning allows fabrication beyond two-dimensional nanofabrication and several patterning schemes are reported.
Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1406 W Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Cu-Ag alloy interconnect is promising for ultra-large-scale integration (ULSI) microelectronic system of which device dimension keeps shrinking. In this study, seedless electrodeposition of Cu-Ag allo...
All-solid-state lithium-sulfur batteries (ASSLSBs) using highly conductive sulfide-based solid electrolytes suffer from low sulfur utilization, poor cycle life and low rate performance due to the huge...
To gain an understanding of the structural properties of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) created on the surface of lithium during an electrochemical deposition/dissolution reaction in propylene...
Detecting metal plasmonic enhancements on the activity of semiconducting photoanodes for water oxidation is often obscured by the inherent electroactivity and instability of the metal in electrolyte. ...
As a result of sulfur's high electrochemical capacity (1675 mA h/gs), lithium-sulfur batteries have received significant attention as a potential high-specific-energy alternative to current state-of-t...
Genomic imprinting, referring to an epigenetic marking resulting in monoallelic gene expression, plays a critical role in development. Recently, various imprinting diseases were reported i...
This study is an open-label, prospective pharmacokinetic study investigating two antiretroviral agents in parallel and employing an adaptive design with two stages, whereby the results obt...
This is a multi-center, randomized study to compare blood and urine cobalt, chromium, and titanium ion levels of a metal-on-metal articular bearing coupled with two different head sizes to...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of nano drug interventional therapy using digital subtraction angiography（DSA） for lung cancer. The nano drug is made by ...
The aim of this study is to demonstrate the non-inferiority of the ceramic-on-metal articulation using large diameter bearings (38mm to 60mm) compared to the metal on metal articulation us...
A particular kind of learning characterized by occurrence in very early life, rapidity of acquisition, and relative insusceptibility to forgetting or extinction. Imprinted behavior includes most (or all) behavior commonly called instinctive, but imprinting is used purely descriptively.
A nonlinear electrophoretic technique used to separate a variety of ionic compounds, ranging from small metal ions to large molecules like proteins. Unlike "linear" zone electrophoresis in which separating solute bands continually spread by diffusion or dispersion, isotachophoresis forms self-sharpening, adjacent zones of substantially pure solute whose concentrations often exceed several mgs/ml. In isotachophoresis a multianalyte sample is introduced between the leading electrolyte and the terminating electrolyte where the sample ions have lower electrophoretic mobilities than the leading ion but larger than the terminating ion. (From "Isotachophoresis" on the AES Web Site [Internet]. Madison, WI: The American Electrophoresis Society; c2000-2008 [cited 2009 Aug 20]. Available from http://www.aesociety.org/areas/isotachophoresis.php)
Disturbances in the body's WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
A small colorless crystal used as an anticonvulsant, a cathartic, and an electrolyte replenisher in the treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. It causes direct inhibition of action potentials in myometrial muscle cells. Excitation and contraction are uncoupled, which decreases the frequency and force of contractions. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1083)
Genetically and clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by low birth weight, postnatal growth retardation, facial dysmorphism, bilateral body asymmetry, and clinodactyly of the fifth fingers. Alterations in GENETIC IMPRINTING are involved. Hypomethylation of IGF2/H19 locus near an imprinting center region of chromosome 11p15 plays a role in a subset of Silver-Russell syndrome. Hypermethylation of the same chromosomal region, on the other hand, can cause BECKWITH-WIEDEMANN SYNDROME. Maternal UNIPARENTAL DISOMY for chromosome 7 is known to play a role in its etiology.