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During post-occlusive reactive hyperemia (PORH) there is a temporary increase in the total hemoglobin + myoglobin (T[Hb+Mb]) signal as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). This transient increase predicts differences in the kinetic responses of deoxy[Hb+Mb] and oxy[Hb+Mb] during PORH. The purpose of this study was to determine whether sigmoidal (Gompertz or logistic) or exponential functions better describe these response curves during PORH. The fit of the three functions (exponential, Gompertz and logistic) to the NIRS responses, as determined from residual sum of squares, was compared using repeated measures ANOVA on Ranks. The Gompertz function provided a better fit to the oxy[Hb+Mb] response curve than did either the exponential or logistic function (χ (2) = 21.7, df = 2, p < 0.001). The logistic function provided a better fit for the deoxy[Hb+Mb] response (χ (2) = 22.9, df = 2, p < 0.001) than did either the Gompertz or exponential functions. For both NIRS signals, the better fitting sigmoidal functions fit the data well, with an average r value of 0.99 or greater. Adipose tissue thickness was correlated with parameters related to signal strength (amplitude, r = 0.86-0.89; baseline, r = 0.67-0.75; all p < 0.001) but was not related to kinetic parameters (time constant and inflection point; p > 0.05 for all comparisons). These results suggest that during PORH distinct sigmoidal mathematical functions best describe the responses of the oxy[Hb+Mb] (Gompertz) and deoxy[Hb+Mb] (logistic) as measured by NIRS. Further, differences in both the kinetic and amplitude aspects for the responses of oxy[Hb+Mb] and deoxy[Hb+Mb] predict the observed transient change in T[Hb+Mb]. Our methods provide a technique to evaluate and quantify NIRS responses during PORH, which may have clinical utility.
Department of Anatomy and Physiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 66506, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of applied physiology
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A noninvasive technique that uses the differential absorption properties of hemoglobin and myoglobin to evaluate tissue oxygenation and indirectly can measure regional hemodynamics and blood flow. Near-infrared light (NIR) can propagate through tissues and at particular wavelengths is differentially absorbed by oxygenated vs. deoxygenated forms of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Illumination of intact tissue with NIR allows qualitative assessment of changes in the tissue concentration of these molecules. The analysis is also used to determine body composition.
A spectroscopic technique in which a range of wavelengths is presented simultaneously with an interferometer and the spectrum is mathematically derived from the pattern thus obtained.
Measurement of the regional temperature of the body or an organ by infrared sensing devices, based on self-emanating infrared radiation.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum usually sensed as heat. Infrared wavelengths are longer than those of visible light, extending into the microwave frequencies. They are used therapeutically as heat, and also to warm food in restaurants.
Spectrophotometry in the infrared region, usually for the purpose of chemical analysis through measurement of absorption spectra associated with rotational and vibrational energy levels of molecules. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
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