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The aim of this study was to assess serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFA) concentrations 8 months of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy.
This study used prospective, observational clinical trial.
Sixty-six patients with newly diagnosed sleep apnea syndrome (12 women, 54 men), age 52.3 ± 9.8 (mean ± SD) with a body mass index of 29.7 ± 4.4 and an apnea-hypopnea index of 39.7 ± 26.8, were studied.
CPAP was administered for a mean of 7.8 ± 1.3 months. MEASUREMENTS AND
TNFA concentrations using an ultrasensitive ELISA assay at baseline and follow-up. TNFA decreased in men with high (5.2 ± 1.7 h/night, -0.46 ± 1.1 ng/l, p = 0.001) and with low (2.5 ± 1.0 h/night -0.63 ± 0.77 ng/l, p = 0.001) adherence but not in women. Average number of hours of CPAP use correlated positively with delta TNFA (R (2) 0.08, p = 0.04)
Long-term CPAP positively affects TNFA even in men with poor adherence to CPAP.
Geriatrische Klinik, Kompetenzzentrum Gesundheit und Alter, St. Gallen, Switzerland.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung
To determine if a real-time magnetic resonance imaging (RT-MRI) method during continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) can be used to measure neuromuscular reflex and/or passive collapsibility of th...
The aim of the study was to investigate cardiopulmonary coupling (CPC) as a tool for evaluating the efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (...
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in asthma patients with concomitant obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) seems to have a favorable impact on asthma, but data are inconsistent due to meth...
The study assessed the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by evaluating change in the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resist...
To assess the association between delivery room (DR) continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and pneumothorax (PT) in term newborns.
We hypothesize that continuous positive pressure applied to the airway will decrease the ability of the nose to warm and humidify inspired air compared to zero or negative pressure. We wi...
We hypothesize that the nocturnal use of continuous positive airway pressure in adults and children with asthma will decrease airway reactivity.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether functional status improves in individuals with milder obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) following continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) t...
The investigators propose a multicentric controlled randomized trial whose goal is to evaluate the possibility of a prediction of the efficiency of APAP (automatic continuous positive airw...
This study involves a breathing motion assessment in healthy subjects before and after continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) administration using MRI images. The hypothesis for this ...
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
A significant drop in BLOOD PRESSURE after assuming a standing position. Orthostatic hypotension is a finding, and defined as a 20-mm Hg decrease in systolic pressure or a 10-mm Hg decrease in diastolic pressure 3 minutes after the person has risen from supine to standing. Symptoms generally include DIZZINESS, blurred vision, and SYNCOPE.
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...