Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Theaflavins isolated from black tea have been used in studies on the prevention of tumor growth. The aim of this study was to investigate whether treatment with theaflavins influences the mucus hypersecretion induced by cigarette smoke in the lungs of experimental rats. Firstly, cigarette smoke was aerosolized using a machine designed for inhalation by rats. The rats were divided into the negative control group, the cigarette smoke inhalation group, the theaflavins (TFs) treatment group, and the TFs + cigarette smoke inhalation group. The animals were sacrificed on day 60 of the experiment. Secondly, the rats were treated with theaflavins at different doses via a gastric tube and sacrificed on day 30. The changes in the levels of mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in the airway were evaluated. Cigarette smoke induced a significant increase in the levels of MUC5AC and EGFR in all groups. These increases could be reversed by intragastric administration of theaflavins. The effect was more pronounced with the duration of treatment and coincided with a decrease in the expression of both targets. The rats showed various degrees of reduction in the expression of these parameters, which correlated with the theaflavin dose. TFs could inhibit the activation of EGFR, decrease the level of MUC5AC, and relieve airway mucous hypersecretion via the EGFR signaling pathway. These effects correlated directly with the duration of action and the dosage. In the future, oral theaflavins might be valuable in the treatment of chronic airway inflammation.
Division of Respiratory Medicine, Chongqing Third People's Hospital, Chongqing, 400014, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
A simple, rapid and accurate analytical method was developed for the analysis of eight tea catechins and four theaflavins simultaneously in three types of tea (green, black and oolong tea), using ultr...
Asthma is a complex and heterogeneous chronic inflammatory disorder which is characterized by airway remodeling and airway inflammation, including goblet cell and airway smooth muscle cell hyperplasia...
Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with worse morbidity in individuals with COPD. Inhaled PM is phagocytosed by airway macrophages (AM), and black carbon measured in AM may serv...
meso-Dihydroguaiaretic acid (MDGA), which is a dibenzylbutane lignin isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of Saururus chinensis, has various biological activities, including anti-oxidative, anti-i...
Airway mucus obstruction is a key feature of cystic fibrosis (CF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The thin layer of mucus that covers healthy airway surfaces has important protective...
The combination of asthma and being a carrier of genetic variants (mutations and / or polymorphisms) in the CFTR gene variant would cause bronchial asthma with mucus hypersecretion. This p...
The aim of the study is to test the hypothesis that the allergic airway inflammation in asthmatic patients will be enhanced after exposure to ultrafine particles (UFP). In order to test th...
High frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO) has been shown to increase tracheal mucous clearance compared with control. These observations led to the development of 'The Vest' which is a...
This study will determine the effectiveness of the herb black cohosh for treating menopause-related anxiety symptoms in women. Study hypotheses: 1) Black cohosh will have a superior anti-...
The distal lung contributes to asthmatic airway remodeling which is observed from early onset of the disease. Cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLT) play important role in the pathogenesis of airw...
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
A disease of the PITUITARY GLAND characterized by the excess amount of ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE secreted. This leads to hypersecretion of cortisol (HYDROCORTISONE) by the ADRENAL GLANDS resulting in CUSHING SYNDROME.
The structural changes in the number, mass, size and/or composition of the airway tissues.
Evaluation, planning, and use of a range of procedures and airway devices for the maintenance or restoration of a patient's ventilation.
An INFLAMMATION of the MUCOSA with burning or tingling sensation. It is characterized by atrophy of the squamous EPITHELIUM, vascular damage, inflammatory infiltration, and ulceration. It usually occurs at the mucous lining of the MOUTH, the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the airway due to chemical irritations, CHEMOTHERAPY, or radiation therapy (RADIOTHERAPY).
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...