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Despite the significance of patients' adherence to prescription drug treatments, it is estimated that > 30% of the drugs that are prescribed to older persons are not self-administered in accordance with the instructions. This research examines which factors affect the adherence to prescription drugs of older Israelis and tests whether the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) can explain their adherence. In this cross-sectional survey design, a reliable and valid structured questionnaire, based on the TPB, was administered to a convenience sample of 207 independent older persons who were taking prescription drugs. One-fifth of the sample reported that they did not adhere to their medication regime. The older persons' self-reported adherence to treatment was related to the quantity of drugs that they were required to take and to whether or not they received the support of a primary caregiver. The more confidence that the older persons had in their physician's level of professionalism, the greater their self-reported adherence to the prescription drugs. Behavioral beliefs, behavioral attitudes, perceived behavioral control, and subjective norms were related to the older persons' intention to self-administer medication. We conclude that nurses have an important responsibility in assessing the medication-taking behaviors of older adults.
Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Centre, Hadera, Israel.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nursing & health sciences
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Improper use of drugs or medications outside the intended purpose, scope, or guidelines for use. This is in contrast to MEDICATION ADHERENCE, and distinguished from DRUG ABUSE, which is a deliberate or willful action.
Drugs that cannot be sold legally without a prescription.
The transfer of prescription drugs from legal to illegal distribution and marketing networks.
A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.
Agents that improve the ability to carry out activities such as athletics, mental endurance, work, and resistance to stress. The substances can include PRESCRIPTION DRUGS; DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS; phytochemicals; and ILLICIT DRUGS.
A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a licensed medicine that is regulated by legislation to require a medical prescription before it can be obtained. The term is used to distinguish it from over-the-counter drug...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
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