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The clinical benefit of the addition of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to standard immunochemotherapy of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) is still unclear. In this retrospective study we analyzed the outcome of 32 consecutive patients with CLL during treatment with FCR. Sixteen patients received G-CSF for treatment of CTC grade 3 or 4 neutropenia or febrile neutropenia at some point during therapy and 16 did not. Both groups were well balanced for clinical and biological risk factors. Overall response rates were not significantly different (94% vs. 75%; p = 0.144). Interestingly, a significantly better progression-free survival (100% vs. 35.4% at 24 months; p < 0.001) and even overall survival (100% vs. 77.8% at 24 months; p = 0.022) was observed in patients receiving G-CSF. While the underlying cause remains to be elucidated, these data strongly suggest an association of the addition of G-CSF to FCR therapy with final patient outcome.
Department of Medicine I, Division of Hematology and Hemostaseology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of hematology
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Inflammatory diseases of the THYROID GLAND. Thyroiditis can be classified into acute (THYROIDITIS, SUPPURATIVE), subacute (granulomatous and lymphocytic), chronic fibrous (Riedel's), chronic lymphocytic (HASHIMOTO DISEASE), transient (POSTPARTUM THYROIDITIS), and other AUTOIMMUNE THYROIDITIS subtypes.
An autosomal recessive fructose metabolism disorder due to deficient fructose-1-phosphate aldolase (EC 184.108.40.206) activity, resulting in accumulation of fructose-1-phosphate. The accumulated fructose-1-phosphate inhibits glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis, causing severe hypoglycemia following ingestion of fructose. Prolonged fructose ingestion in infants leads ultimately to hepatic failure and death. Patients develop a strong distaste for sweet food, and avoid a chronic course of the disease by remaining on a fructose- and sucrose-free diet.
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