Are we aware of our ability to forget? Metacognitive predictions of directed forgetting.
Summary of "Are we aware of our ability to forget? Metacognitive predictions of directed forgetting."
It is often important to accurately predict not only what information we will later remember, but also what information we are likely to forget. The present research examined these abilities in the context of item-method directed forgetting, to determine whether people are aware of their strategic control of remembering and forgetting, as well as what cues are used when making metacognitive judgments. Participants studied words, each of which was followed by a cue to remember (R) or forget (F) the word for an upcoming test, and also made predictions of how likely they would be to later recall each word. When asked to recall all of the words, regardless of cue, both recall and predicted recall were fairly sensitive to the R or F instructions, despite some overconfidence. A similar and stronger pattern was found when words were assigned positive or negative point values as cues to remember or forget. These findings suggest that item-based cues to remember or forget information can be successfully utilized when making metacognitive judgments, and that people are fairly aware of the control they have over both remembering and forgetting information.
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Memory & cognition
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21638106
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13421-011-0115-y
Two experiments, in which voluntary forgetting was measured, are reported. In both experiments, lists of randomly mixed syllables and numbers were projected on a screen, and Ss were instructed before...
In the item-method directed-forgetting paradigm, the magnitude of inhibition of return (IOR) is larger after an instruction to forget (F) than after an instruction to remember (R). In the present expe...
When Ss are presented a first set of items (Set A) followed by a second set (Set B), a postinput cue to recall only Set B results in better recall of Set B than does a cue to recall Set B then Set A;...
A PA probe experiment was conducted to determine whether a mechanism other than selective search is involved in the Only effect of directed forgetting. To accomplish this, a small number of trials whi...
This experiment investigated the positive-forgetting phenomenon with sentence material. Sets of sentences were presented to Ss with each sentence being cued "remember" or "forget" immediately followin...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of metacognitive therapy for insomnia.
Over a period of 4 weeks, metacognitive training for schizophrenia patients (MCT), delivered both in a group and individually, is compared to cognitive remediation (CogPack training). Blin...
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the relationship of closed head injury (CHI) severity, focal brain lesions, and the age at injury to the development of working memory, inhibition, and metacogniti...
This study mapped the time course of forgetting among resident physicians after they use an online learning exercise covering principles of diabetes care. Participants took a pre-test fol...
This study will help to determine whether an injection log on a recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) delivery device improves subjects' adherence with injection schedules. Adherence wil...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism becomes aware of or obtains knowledge.
Enzymes that catalyze DNA template-directed extension of the 3'-end of an RNA strand one nucleotide at a time. They can initiate a chain de novo. In eukaryotes, three forms of the enzyme have been distinguished on the basis of sensitivity to alpha-amanitin, and the type of RNA synthesized. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992).
An isothermal in-vitro nucleotide amplification process. The process involves the concomitant action of a RNA-DIRECTED DNA POLYMERASE, a ribonuclease (RIBONUCLEASES), and DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASES to synthesize large quantities of sequence-specific RNA and DNA molecules.
Selective perceiving such that the individual protects himself from becoming aware of something unpleasant or threatening, e.g., obscene words are not heard correctly, or violent acts are not seen accurately.
Ability of a microbe to survive under given conditions. This can also be related to a colony's ability to replicate.