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To describe the management of a ruptured uterus caused by placenta percreta in the 21st week of gestation.
We present a case report of a 33-year-old patient with a ruptured uterus in the 21st week of gestation who presented at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck. Therapeutic management was performed by laparoscopy, and consecutive laparotomy and hysterectomy.
A 33-year-old patient presented with severe abdominal pain in the 21st week of gestation at the department of abdominal surgery. A laparoscopy was performed to exclude appendicitis. There was about one liter of blood in the peritoneal cavity and a small, bleeding lesion in the fundus uteri was found which was coagulated. The blood was evacuated and the patient returned to department of gynecology. One hour after the first operation, the patient developed signs of hypovolemic shock and ultrasound showed absent fetal heart beat. An immediate laparotomy was performed and a ruptured uterus was detected. The fetus was removed and a hysterectomy performed. Pathology results showed a placenta percreta. After a few days in hospital and transfusion of 4 liters of blood the patient was discharged in a healthy condition.
In a pregnant woman with severe abdominal pain even in the 21st week of gestation a placenta percreta has to be considered as a differential diagnosis. If there is no evidence of other causes, laparoscopy may help to confirm the diagnosis and hysterectomy is a life saving intervention.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
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Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
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Premature separation of the normally implanted PLACENTA from the UTERUS. Signs of varying degree of severity include UTERINE BLEEDING, uterine MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, and FETAL DISTRESS or FETAL DEATH.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.