Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Population Based Study of Premature Mortality Rates in the Mothers.
Summary of "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Population Based Study of Premature Mortality Rates in the Mothers."
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are associated with an increase in risk for mortality for people with an FASD and their siblings. In this study we examine mortality rates of birth mothers of children with FASD, using a retrospective case control methodology. We utilized the North Dakota FASD Registry to locate birth certificates for children with FASD which we used to identify birth mothers. We then searched for mothers' death certificates. We then compared the mortality rates of the birth mothers with an age matched control group comprised of all North Dakota women who were born and died in the same year as the birth mother. The birth mothers of children with FASD had a mortality rate of 15/304 = 4.93%; (95% CI 2.44-7.43%). The mortality rate for control mothers born in same years as the FASD mothers was 126/114,714 = 0.11% (95% CI 0.09-0.13%). Mothers of children with an FASD had a 44.82 fold increase in mortality risk and 87% of the deaths occurred in women under the age of 50. Three causes of death (cancer, injuries, and alcohol related disease) accounted for 67% of the deaths in the mothers of children with FASD. A diagnosis of FASD is an important risk marker for premature death in the mothers of children diagnosed with an FASD. These women should be encouraged to enter substance abuse treatment.
North Dakota Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Center, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 501 N Columbia Road Stop 9037, Grand Forks, ND, 58202-9037, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Maternal and child health journal
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21710184
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-011-0844-3
Classical eyeblink conditioning (EBC), an elemental form of learning, is among the most sensitive indicators of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. The cerebellum plays a key role in maintaining timed m...
"Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders" is a nondiagnostic umbrella term encompassing the wide variations in clinical presentation among individuals that are prenatally exposed to alcohol. This article dis...
Aboriginal leaders concerned about high rates of alcohol use in pregnancy invited researchers to determine the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and partial fetal alcohol syndrome (pFAS) in t...
Background Individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) have increased mortality as compared to the general population. ObjectivesTo estimate the productivity losses due to premature mo...
BackgroundSouth Africa has the highest prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) in the world yet many women have no access to clinic care or to physicians in their communities. The shorta...
The purpose of this study is to determine if choline bitartrate can be administered daily to children with prenatal alcohol exposure, ages 2.5 to 5, as a potential treatment for brain deve...
Evaluating the efficacy of a video about FAS to determine whether it has an impact on knowledge about FAS and their likelihood to participate in risk taking behavior.
The purpose of this study is to develop and test a couple-based treatment for veterans with an alcohol use disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder.
The study proposes to test the efficacy of a primary care-based brief intervention with women who resumed heavy drinking during the post-partum period and who used alcohol during a previou...
The purpose of this study is to measure prenatally with ultrasound the intratracheal flow volume displaced during breathing cycle in premature fetuses and to check whether a relationship e...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A condition occurring in FETUS or NEWBORN due to in utero ETHANOL exposure when mother consumed alcohol during PREGNANCY. It is characterized by a cluster of irreversible BIRTH DEFECTS including abnormalities in physical, mental, and behavior development (such as FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; MENTAL RETARDATION; ATTENTION DEFICIT AND DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR DISORDERS) with varied degree of severity in an individual.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Number of fetal deaths with stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more in a given population. Late fetal mortality is death after of 28 weeks or more.
Disorders stemming from the misuse and abuse of alcohol.
Premature separation of the normally implanted PLACENTA from the UTERUS. Signs of varying degree of severity include UTERINE BLEEDING, uterine MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, and FETAL DISTRESS or FETAL DEATH.