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Rotational vertebral artery syndrome (RVAS) is characterized by recurrent attacks of paroxysmal vertigo, nystagmus, and ataxia induced by head rotation. Although recent report has described the RVAS as an important but unrecognized cause of isolated vascular vertigo, the locus of injury site responsible for isolated vertigo in RVAS is still unclear. We report here two patients with RVAS who had a stereotypic clinical presentation characterized by recurrent attacks of isolated vertigo induced by head rotation. The pattern of nystagmus observed in our patients with RVAS can be best explained by the stimulation of the vestibular labyrinth bilaterally or unilaterally. In RVAS, the isolated vertigo may occur due to transient ischemia of the superior vestibular labyrinth. RAVS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of positional vertigo, especially when vertigo is developed while sitting or standing position.
Department of Neurology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, 194 Dongsan dong, Daegu, 700-712, South Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Cervical vertigo is characterized by vertigo from the cervical spine. However, whether cervical vertigo is an independent entity still remains controversial. In this narrative review, we outline the b...
Small anastomotic channels exist between the occipital artery (OA) and muscular branches of the vertebral artery; however, no direct connection has been reported between an extradural origin of the po...
Previously reported only a few times before, we present a case of extracranial vertebral dissection and spontaneous frontoparietal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in the puerperium, discussing possible ...
BACKGROUND Cervical vertigo has been a controversial diagnosis for several years, and the lack of a diagnostic test is a critical problem. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) is a real-time dynamic appr...
The clinical case of a patient with a pseudoaneurysm of the left vertebral artery at the boundary between V2 and V3 segments after a stab wound to the neck is reported. The patient underwent a rare va...
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) represents the most common cause of labyrinthine vertigo with a lifetime prevalence of 2.4 percent. Onset is most common between the fifth and s...
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is the most frequent cause of vertigo of peripheral vestibular origin with life time incidence of 2.4%. BPPV is characterized by bouts of acute ...
Rotational maneuver is a vestibular rehabilitation method, performed in a supervised manner. Using a rotating chair, subjects are rotated towards the opposite direction of dominant side in...
Vertebral osteomyelitis is a uncommon disease that can lead to neurologic deficits if not diagnosed in time. The etiologies of vertebral osteomyelitis include pyogenic bacteria, M. tubercu...
Balloon Kyphoplasty is an alternative to vertebroplasty in the treatment of painful malignant vertebral fractures. This is a mini-invasive percutaneous treatment, aiming to stabilize the ...
Splitting of the vessel wall in the VERTEBRAL ARTERY. Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the vertebral artery, aneurysm formation, or THROMBOEMBOLISM. Vertebral artery dissection is often associated with TRAUMA and injuries to the head-neck region but can occur spontaneously.
INFARCTION of the dorsolateral aspect of MEDULLA OBLONGATA in the BRAIN STEM. It is caused by occlusion of the VERTEBRAL ARTERY and/or the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Clinical manifestations vary with the size of infarction, but may include loss of pain and temperature sensation in the ipsilateral face and contralateral body below the chin; ipsilateral HORNER SYNDROME; ipsilateral ATAXIA; DYSARTHRIA; VERTIGO; nausea, hiccup; dysphagia; and VOCAL CORD PARALYSIS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p801)
A clinically significant reduction in blood supply to the BRAIN STEM and CEREBELLUM (i.e., VERTEBROBASILAR INSUFFICIENCY) resulting from reversal of blood flow through the VERTEBRAL ARTERY from occlusion or stenosis of the proximal subclavian or brachiocephalic artery. Common symptoms include VERTIGO; SYNCOPE; and INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION of the involved upper extremity. Subclavian steal may also occur in asymptomatic individuals. (From J Cardiovasc Surg 1994;35(1):11-4; Acta Neurol Scand 1994;90(3):174-8)
A rare disorder consisting of microangiopathy of brain, retina, and inner ear ARTERIOLES. It is characterized by the clinical triad of encephalopathy, BRANCH RETINAL ARTERY OCCLUSION and VERTIGO/hearing loss.
The first branch of the SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY with distribution to muscles of the NECK; VERTEBRAE; SPINAL CORD; CEREBELLUM; and interior of the CEREBRUM.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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