Urinary tract infections.

08:39 EDT 1st November 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Urinary tract infections."

Urinary tract infections occur very frequently in the community and in hospitalized patients and are mainly caused by Escherichia (E.) coli. Depending on virulence determinants of uropathogenic microorganisms and host-specific defense mechanisms, urinary tract infections can manifest as cystitis, pyelonephritis (bacterial interstitial nephritis), bacteremia or urosepsis. Uncomplicated urinary tract infections in otherwise healthy women should be treated for 3-7 days depending on the antibiotic therapy chosen, even if spontaneous remission rates of up to 40% have been reported. Antibiotics of the first choice for empirical treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infection are fluoroquinolones, pivmecillinam and fosfomycin. A huge problem is the increasing antimicrobial resistance of uropathogenic microorganisms. Complicated urinary tract infections associated with anatomical and/or functional abnormalities of the urinary tract and/or comorbidities such as diabetes or immunosuppressive therapy, need longer antibiotic treatment (e.g. 10-14 days) as well as interdisciplinary diagnostic procedures. Treatment of community acquired urosepsis includes cephalosporins of the third generation, piperacillin/tazobactam or ciprofloxacin. For nosocomial urosepsis the combination with an aminoglycoside or a carbapenem is recommended.

Affiliation

Klinische Abteilung für Nephrologie und Dialyse, Medizinische Universitätsklinik III, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Österreich, walter.hoerl@meduniwien.ac.at.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Der Internist
ISSN: 1432-1289
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [6103 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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To compare the childhood urinary tract infection (UTI) guidelines from the Royal College of Physicians (RCP) in 1991 and from National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (CG54) in 2007 by ...

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Urinary tract infection is one of the most common infections at all ages. Antimicrobial resistance has increased in the past few years. The aim of this study was to determine the most common etiologic...

Clinical Trials [2062 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Vaccine for Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Women

The purpose of this study is determine whether a vaginal mucosal vaccine given to women with a history of recurrent urinary tract infections can reduce the number of infections occurring i...

Automatic Stop Orders for Urinary Catheters

Urinary tract infections are the most common type of hospital-acquired infection. The majority of these infections result from the use of indwelling urinary catheters. Often caregivers l...

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.

A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.

A second-generation cephalosporin administered intravenously or intramuscularly. Its bactericidal action results from inhibition of cell wall synthesis. It is used for urinary tract infections, lower respiratory tract infections, and soft tissue and bone infections.

Strains of Escherichia coli that preferentially grow and persist within the urinary tract. They exhibit certain virulence factors and strategies that cause urinary tract infections.

An anti-infective agent that is used topically to treat skin infections and orally for urinary tract infections.

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