Urinary tract infections.

18:18 EDT 28th August 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Urinary tract infections."

Urinary tract infections occur very frequently in the community and in hospitalized patients and are mainly caused by Escherichia (E.) coli. Depending on virulence determinants of uropathogenic microorganisms and host-specific defense mechanisms, urinary tract infections can manifest as cystitis, pyelonephritis (bacterial interstitial nephritis), bacteremia or urosepsis. Uncomplicated urinary tract infections in otherwise healthy women should be treated for 3-7 days depending on the antibiotic therapy chosen, even if spontaneous remission rates of up to 40% have been reported. Antibiotics of the first choice for empirical treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infection are fluoroquinolones, pivmecillinam and fosfomycin. A huge problem is the increasing antimicrobial resistance of uropathogenic microorganisms. Complicated urinary tract infections associated with anatomical and/or functional abnormalities of the urinary tract and/or comorbidities such as diabetes or immunosuppressive therapy, need longer antibiotic treatment (e.g. 10-14 days) as well as interdisciplinary diagnostic procedures. Treatment of community acquired urosepsis includes cephalosporins of the third generation, piperacillin/tazobactam or ciprofloxacin. For nosocomial urosepsis the combination with an aminoglycoside or a carbapenem is recommended.

Affiliation

Klinische Abteilung für Nephrologie und Dialyse, Medizinische Universitätsklinik III, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Österreich, walter.hoerl@meduniwien.ac.at.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Der Internist
ISSN: 1432-1289
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [5641 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Hyperammonemia in Urinary Tract Infections.

The present study investigated the incidence of hyperammonemia in urinary tract infections and explored the utility of urinary obstruction relief and antimicrobial administration to improve hyperammon...

Novel low-resource intervention reduces urinary catheter use and associated urinary tract infections: Role of outcome measure bias?

Previous interventions targeting nosocomial urinary tract infections have reduced catheterization and infections, but they require significant resources and may be susceptible to misclassification and...

Clinical evaluation of herbal coded formulation Cran-off to Urixin in the treatment of Urinary tract infection.

Urinary Tract Infections are the largest group of infections after the respiratory tract infections. In 85% of the cases the causative organism is E. Coli. A clinical trial was conducted to evaluate t...

Neonatal Staphylococcus lugdunensis urinary tract infection.

Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a known pathogen of infective endocarditis, but not of urinary tract infection. We report a previously healthy neonate without congenital anomalies of the kidney and urin...

An overview of the predictors of symptomatic urinary tract infection among nursing students.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common infection experienced by humans after respiratory and gastro-intestinal infections, and also the most common cause of nosocomial infections for patient...

Clinical Trials [2472 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Vaccine for Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Women

The purpose of this study is determine whether a vaginal mucosal vaccine given to women with a history of recurrent urinary tract infections can reduce the number of infections occurring i...

Automatic Stop Orders for Urinary Catheters

Urinary tract infections are the most common type of hospital-acquired infection. The majority of these infections result from the use of indwelling urinary catheters. Often caregivers l...

Identification of the Cranberry Juice Compounds That Prevent Urinary Tract Infections

The purpose of this study is to identify the substances in cranberry juice that make it effective in reducing urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women.

Clinical Trial to Study the Safety and Effectiveness of MK0826 and Other Antibiotic Therapy in Patients With Complicated Urinary Tract Infection (0826-054)

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that MK0826 is comparable to Meropenem in the treatment of complicated Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) in adults.

Nitrofurantoin and Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common complication after surgery for prolapse or urinary incontinence. UTIs are painful and have the potential to turn into kidney infections. We...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.

A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.

A second-generation cephalosporin administered intravenously or intramuscularly. Its bactericidal action results from inhibition of cell wall synthesis. It is used for urinary tract infections, lower respiratory tract infections, and soft tissue and bone infections.

Strains of Escherichia coli that preferentially grow and persist within the urinary tract. They exhibit certain virulence factors and strategies that cause urinary tract infections.

An anti-infective agent that is used topically to treat skin infections and orally for urinary tract infections.


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Urology
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...

Nutrition
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Advertisement
 

Searches Linking to this Article