Relationship between processed total motile sperm count of husband or donor semen and pregnancy outcome following intrauterine insemination.
Summary of "Relationship between processed total motile sperm count of husband or donor semen and pregnancy outcome following intrauterine insemination."
We retrospectively analyzed 6,360 artificial insemination cycles of husband's semen through intrauterine insemination (AIH-IUI) or artificial insemination with donor semen through intrauterine insemination (AID-IUI) in patients with infertility between August, 1998 and August, 2010. The relationship between processed total motile sperm count (PTMS) and pregnancy outcome was determined. The study was divided into 6 groups according to PTMS. Group 1: ≤ 2.0 million, Group 2: 2.1-4.0 million, Group 3: 4.1-6.0 million, Group 4: 6.1-8.0 million, Group 5: 8.1-10.0 million, and Group 6: >10.0 million. There was no statistically significant difference in age, duration of infertility, unilateral tubal patency, induced ovulation, and single IUI or double IUI between the 6 groups in both AIH-IUI and AID-IUI. The total clinical pregnancy rate of AIH-IUI was 10.81 % and AID-IUI was 27.52 %. Among the 6 groups, the clinical pregnancy rate was the lowest in Group 1 (P < 0.05) in both AIH-IUI and AID-IUI. With the increased PTMS, the clinical pregnancy rate of IUI was improved. However, a statistical difference between groups was only observed for Group 1. When PTMS is ≤ 2 × 10(6) the clinical pregnancy rate of IUI is significantly decreased. In this case in vitro fertilization (IVF) should be adopted.
Reproductive Medical Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University , Zhengzhou , China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Systems biology in reproductive medicine
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21864206
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/19396368.2011.603792
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
A form of psychotherapy involving the husband and wife and directed to improving the marital relationship.
A condition in which the percentage of progressively motile sperm is abnormally low. In men, it is defined as <25% rapid motility or <50% progression in a semen sample (World Health Organization, 1992).