Severe atrophy and fatty degeneration of the infraspinatus muscle due to isolated infraspinatus tendon tear.
Summary of "Severe atrophy and fatty degeneration of the infraspinatus muscle due to isolated infraspinatus tendon tear."
Atrophy of both the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles is usually caused by chronic rotator cuff tear, but may also derive from suprascapular nerve entrapment at the spinoglenoid notch. Isolated infraspinatus muscle atrophy is uncommon, and typically associates with suprascapular nerve entrapment occurring distal to the spinoglenoid notch. However, isolated atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle due to insertional tear of the infraspinatus tendon may also occur. We present a case of a 43-year-old male with isolated infraspinatus muscle atrophy and fatty degeneration following an isolated full-thickness infraspinatus tendon tear at the insertion site on the humerus. While it is important to rule out other causes of infraspinatus muscle atrophy, such as concomitant rotator cuff tendon/muscle pathology or suprascapular nerve palsy, we present this case to increase awareness of this uncommon clinical presentation and the potential implications for treatment.
Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Skeletal radiology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21918868
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-011-1265-5
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The musculotendinous sheath formed by the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor muscles. These help stabilize the head of the HUMERUS in the glenoid fossa and allow for rotation of the SHOULDER JOINT about its longitudinal axis.
A form of MACULAR DEGENERATION also known as dry macular degeneration marked by occurrence of a well-defined progressive lesion or atrophy in the central part of the RETINA called the MACULA LUTEA. It is distinguishable from WET MACULAR DEGENERATION in that the latter involves neovascular exudates.
A group of inherited and sporadic disorders which share progressive ataxia in combination with atrophy of the CEREBELLUM; PONS; and inferior olivary nuclei. Additional clinical features may include MUSCLE RIGIDITY; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; RETINAL DEGENERATION; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; DEMENTIA; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and OPHTHALMOPLEGIA. The familial form has an earlier onset (second decade) and may feature spinal cord atrophy. The sporadic form tends to present in the fifth or sixth decade, and is considered a clinical subtype of MULTIPLE SYSTEM ATROPHY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1085)
Disorders characterized by an abnormal reduction in muscle volume due to a decrease in the size or number of muscle fibers. Atrophy may result from diseases intrinsic to muscle tissue (e.g., MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY) or secondary to PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES that impair innervation to muscle tissue (e.g., MUSCULAR ATROPHY, SPINAL).
An autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder which usually presents in early adulthood, characterized by progressive muscular atrophy (most frequently involving the hands, forearms, and face), myotonia, frontal baldness, lenticular opacities, and testicular atrophy. Cardiac conduction abnormalities, diaphragmatic weakness, and mild mental retardation may also occur. Congenital myotonic dystrophy is a severe form of this disorder, characterized by neonatal MUSCLE HYPOTONIA, feeding difficulties, respiratory muscle weakness, and an increased incidence of MENTAL RETARDATION. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1423-5; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch16, pp16-7)