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Bordetella pertussis is the etiological agent of whooping cough, a common cause of respiratory illness in both children and adults. In the present study, we investigated the bactericidal activity of four antiseptics-povidone-iodine (PVP-I), benzethonium chloride (BEC), chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) and benzalkonium chloride (BAC)-against B. pertussis ATCC9797 and clinical isolates. Among the topical antiseptics, PVP-I, BEC, and BAC, PVP-I and BAC in particular, showed high bactericidal activity, whereas CHG had low activity. PVP-I gargle also showed high bactericidal activity, similar to topical PVP-I. However, BEC gargle had low bactericidal activity. Our results indicate that topical PVP-I and BAC, and PVP-I gargle would be useful as effective antiseptics against B. pertussis.
Pharmaceutical Research Center, Meiji Seika Pharma Co., Ltd., Yokohama, Japan, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of infection and chemotherapy : official journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
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The natural bactericidal property of BLOOD due to normally occurring antibacterial substances such as beta lysin, leukin, etc. This activity needs to be distinguished from the bactericidal activity contained in a patient's serum as a result of antimicrobial therapy, which is measured by a SERUM BACTERICIDAL TEST.
Method of measuring the bactericidal activity contained in a patient's serum as a result of antimicrobial therapy. It is used to monitor the therapy in BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS; OSTEOMYELITIS and other serious bacterial infections. As commonly performed, the test is a variation of the broth dilution test. This test needs to be distinguished from testing of the naturally occurring BLOOD BACTERICIDAL ACTIVITY.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
A species of BORDETELLA with similar morphology to BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS, but growth is more rapid. It is found only in the RESPIRATORY TRACT of humans.
A set of BACTERIAL ADHESINS and TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL produced by BORDETELLA organisms that determine the pathogenesis of BORDETELLA INFECTIONS, such as WHOOPING COUGH. They include filamentous hemagglutinin; FIMBRIAE PROTEINS; pertactin; PERTUSSIS TOXIN; ADENYLATE CYCLASE TOXIN; dermonecrotic toxin; tracheal cytotoxin; Bordetella LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES; and tracheal colonization factor.
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