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Abstract Objective: The new proton pump inhibitor (PPI), ilaprazole performed better at the dose of 10 mg/d relative to 5 or 20 mg/d in a previous phase II trial. A larger phase III trial was carried out to confirm the efficacy and safety of ilaprazole (10 mg/d) compared with omeprazole (20 mg/d) and provide some characteristics of the relationship between ilaprazole metabolism and CYP2C19 for later studies. Research design and methods: Patients with at least one endoscopically diagnosed active duodenal ulcer (DU) were enrolled in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, positive controlled trial and then assigned randomly to the ilaprazole group (10 mg/d) or the omeprazole group (20 mg/d) with a sample allocation ratio 2:1. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00952978. Main outcome measures: The primary endpoint was endoscopically diagnosed ulcer healing rate at week 4. Symptom relief was evaluated as a secondary endpoint by graded scores. Safety and tolerability were evaluated on basis of clinical assessments. In addition, blood samples were collected at baseline for CYP2C19 genotypes identification. Results: Efficacy analyses were based on 494 patients. At week 4, the ulcer healing rates were 93.0% in ilaprazole group and 90.8% in omeprazole group (rate difference: 2.2%; 95% confidence interval: -2.8% to 7.2%). No obvious variation of healing rate on different CYP2C19 genotypes was found in ilaprazole group. The majority of patients (>80%) became asymptomatic after treatment. Incidences of adverse drug reactions were similar between ilaprazole group and omeprazole group (8.5% vs. 11.5%). Conclusions: Ilaprazole (10 mg/d) is as effective as omeprazole (20 mg/d) in the treatment of DU with similar side effects. The efficacy of ilaprazole is not affected by CYP2C19 polymorphisms.
Department of Health Statistics (L.W, JL.X), The Fourth Military Medical University , Xi'an, Shaanxi , China.
This article was published in the following journal.
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A PEPTIC ULCER located in the DUODENUM.
Work consisting of a clinical trial involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicine, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trial is characterized as a RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL.
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Peptic Ulcer Disease
Peptic Ulcer Disease - stomach ulcer, duodenal ulcers used to refer to all types of peptic ulcers. A peptic ulcer is an erosion in a segment of the Gastrointestinal (GI) muscularis mucosae, typically in the stomach (gastric ulcer) or the first few cent...
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