Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Background Kyphosis is a risk factor for the presence of hiatal hernia, which is a strong predictor of Barrett's esophagus. However, the association between kyphosis and Barrett's esophagus has not yet been clarified. To investigate this relationship, the Cobb angle, a marker of kyphosis, was measured in patients with and without Barrett's esophagus. Methods From January 2006 to December 2010, 26 patients with long-segment Barrett's esophagus (LSBE) were retrospectively enrolled. As the comparative groups, 100 consecutive patients with short-segment Barrett's esophagus (SSBE) and 100 consecutive control patients without Barrett's esophagus were also enrolled in this study. Cobb angles were measured on lateral chest radiographs, and kyphosis was defined as a Cobb angle of greater than 50°. Kyphosis, along with other patient characteristics, were evaluated as possible predictors for SSBE and LSBE. Results The mean Cobb angles in the non-BE, SSBE, and LSBE groups were 31.6° (95% CIs, 29.3°-33.9°), 34.8° (32.1°-37.4°) and 49.4° (44.9°-53.9°), respectively. Statistically significant differences were found between the LSBE and the other 2 groups (p<0.001). The mean Cobb angles were 33.3°±12.4° and 37.0°±14.1°, respectively in patients without and with hiatal hernia (p=0.039). Predictors for Barrett's esophagus of any length were erosive esophagitis and hiatal hernia. Kyphosis had the highest odds ratio for the presence of LSBE (OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.05-1.94; p=0.033). Other predictors were hiatal hernia and the absence of Helicobacter pylori infection. Conclusion Kyphosis is a risk factor for the presence of LSBE in Japanese patients.
Division of Endoscopy, Shimane University Hospital, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
To develop and validate a scoring tool capable of accurately predicting which patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) will progress to dysplasia and/or esophageal adenocarcinoma.
For patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE), the diagnosis of low-grade dysplasia (LGD) is subjective and reported outcomes vary. We analyzed data from a multicenter study of endoscopic therapy to iden...
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) affects an estimated 20% of the population in the USA, and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. About 10-15% of patients with GERD will develop Barrett's esop...
Oxidative stress (OS) is an essential element in the pathogenesis of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and its transformation to adenocarcinoma (EAC). The state of OS in the proximal stomach of patients with B...
Barrett's esophagus is a precancerous lesion, and its identification with the early detection of dysplasia is of paramount importance to prevent adenocarcinoma onset. However, there is still debate on...
This is a multi-center study whose aim is to define the epidemiology and genetics of Barrett's esophagus and adenocarcinoma. The researchers have studied families affected with Barrett's e...
Patients with Barrett's Esophagus are known to have excessive distal esophageal acid exposure comparable to patients with erosive esophagitis. A significant proportion of patients with BE ...
This study will evaluate if the capsule sponge device can detect the presence of Barrett's Esophagus
This study is being done to find out if Photodynamic Therapy (treatment with a red light and a drug called photofrin) or Radiofrequency ablation works the same for patients who have biomar...
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a mainstay of treatment for patients who have Barrett's esophagus (BE) with dysplasia. For unclear reasons, Barrett's esophagus recurs after successful RFA...
A condition with damage to the lining of the lower ESOPHAGUS resulting from chronic acid reflux (ESOPHAGITIS, REFLUX). Through the process of metaplasia, the squamous cells are replaced by a columnar epithelium with cells resembling those of the INTESTINE or the salmon-pink mucosa of the STOMACH. Barrett's columnar epithelium is a marker for severe reflux and precursor to ADENOCARCINOMA of the esophagus.
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), found in Australia and New Guinea. It causes a fulminating viremia resembling Japanese encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE).
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE).
A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which comprises a number of viral species that are the etiologic agents of human encephalitis in many different geographical regions. These include Japanese encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE), St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), Murray Valley encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, MURRAY VALLEY), and WEST NILE VIRUS.
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...
Barrett’s esophagus is a condition in which the tissue lining the esophagus—the muscular tube that carries food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach—is replaced by tissue that is similar to the intestinal lining. This process is ca...