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Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFTP) is a rare tumor especially presents malignant features. Such symptoms of hemoptysis and dyspnea were rarely seen and take 5% and 4% respectively in malignant SFTP. A 26-year-old Chinese man, presenting with hemoptysis in the emergency room, was hospitalized because of dyspnea. The X-ray examination revealed a tumor in the right chest cavity. The patient refused treatment, and the tumor grew rapidly, which complicated the symptoms of the patient. En-bloc excision of tumor plus the involved lung was performed. There was at least a 5000-ml mixture of blood and tumor tissue in the right chest cavity because of continuous bleeding, leading to a tumor capsule split. Histopathology and Immunohistochemistry identified the tumor as malignant SFTP, but CD34 was negative. In this case, the tumor grew rapidly and aggressively in two months, indicating that close follow-up and active treatment are needed.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The First Afflicted Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
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Rare neoplasms of mesenchymal origin, usually benign, and most commonly involving the PLEURA (see SOLITARY FIBROUS TUMOR, PLEURAL). They also are found in extrapleural sites.
A rare neoplasm, usually benign, derived from mesenchymal fibroblasts located in the submesothelial lining of the PLEURA. It spite of its various synonyms, it has no features of mesothelial cells and is not related to malignant MESOTHELIOMA or asbestos exposure.
A single lung lesion that is characterized by a small round mass of tissue, usually less than 1 cm in diameter, and can be detected by chest radiography. A solitary pulmonary nodule can be associated with neoplasm, tuberculosis, cyst, or other anomalies in the lung, the CHEST WALL, or the PLEURA.
A malignant tumor composed of cells showing differentiation toward sebaceous epithelium. The tumor is solitary, firm, somewhat raised, more or less translucent, and covered with normal or slightly verrucose epidermis. It may be yellow or orange. The face and scalp are the commonest sites. The growth can be slow or rapid but metastasis is uncommon. Surgery cures most of the cases. (From Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, pp2403-4)
The thin serous membrane enveloping the lungs (LUNG) and lining the THORACIC CAVITY. Pleura consist of two layers, the inner visceral pleura lying next to the pulmonary parenchyma and the outer parietal pleura. Between the two layers is the PLEURAL CAVITY which contains a thin film of liquid.
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