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A raised baseline serum tryptase is a risk indicator for anaphylactic reactions, especially in patients with hymenoptera venom allergy. Borderline elevations (> 11.4 μg/l) occur frequently and may necessitate invasive diagnostic procedures to rule out systemic mastocytosis. We retrospectively analysed 1,092 non-mastocytotic patients from our general dermatology clinic with respect to age- and gender-associated effects and investigated the impact of heterophilic antibody interference on the tryptase assay. The results were stratified by gender and five age classes. Sera with raised tryptase (n = 106) were re-tested after pre-incubation with Heterophilic Blocking Tubes (HBT®, Scantibodies Laboratory; Santee, CA, USA). A significant increase in baseline tryptase was observed with increasing age. Incubation with HBT® caused a decline of more than 50% in only one care. In conclusion, older patients showed significantly higher serum tryptase levels and heterophilic interference was of subordinate relevance.
Department of Dermatology and Allergology, University Hospital Jena, Friedrich-Schiller-University, DE-07743 Jena, Germany. E-mail: Schliemann@derma-jena.de.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta dermato-venereologica
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Immune complex disease caused by the administration of foreign serum or serum proteins and characterized by fever, lymphadenopathy, arthralgia, and urticaria. When they are complexed to protein carriers, some drugs can also cause serum sickness when they act as haptens inducing antibody responses.
Hearing loss due to interference with the mechanical reception or amplification of sound to the COCHLEA. The interference is in the outer or middle ear involving the EAR CANAL; TYMPANIC MEMBRANE; or EAR OSSICLES.
All blood proteins except albumin ( = SERUM ALBUMIN, which is not a globulin) and FIBRINOGEN (which is not in the serum). The serum globulins are subdivided into ALPHA-GLOBULINS; BETA-GLOBULINS; and GAMMA-GLOBULINS on the basis of their electrophoretic mobilities. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
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