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A dispersant for multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is proposed that fulfils the requirements of creating a uniform dispersion in the matrix and obtaining a good interface between CNTs and the matrix, and is soluble in generic nonpolar solvents. This dispersant is based on a long chain surfactant, called in this work dabcosil stearate, containing a stearate-based 18-carbon alkyl chain as an anion, and a silsesquioxane containing a bridged, positively charged 1,4-diazoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane group. It provides not only a very good dispersion medium for the MWCNTs, but also a very good interface between MWCNTs and ceramic matrices, such as alumina and zirconia, prepared by the sol-gel method.
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul , PO Box 15051, CEP 91501-970 Porto Alegre, RS Brazil.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids
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