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The antidiabetic effect of the ethanolic extract of Eclipta alba (EEA) on hyperglycaemia and diabetic nephropathy was investigated in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Single-dose treatment of EEA to streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats lowered the blood glucose level by 17.6% (p < 0.05) at 250 mg kg(-1) dose after 5 h post oral administration. Treatment of animals after 10 weeks of STZ-treatment with EEA (250 mg kg(-1)) for 21 days significantly reduced the elevated levels of blood glucose, %HbA1C, urea, uric acid and creatinine, and significantly increased the depressed serum insulin level. The extract exerted a significant inhibitory effect on alpha-glucosidase in a noncompetitive manner with an IC(50) value of around 54 µg mL(-1) and was found inhibitory to eye lens aldose reductase with an IC(50) value of around 4.5 µg mL(-1). The results suggest that EEA possesses antidiabetic effect associated with alpha-glucosidase and aldose reductase inhibition.
a Division of Biochemistry, Central Drug Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research , Lucknow 226 001 , Uttar Pradesh , India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Natural product research
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