Optimizing the vault of collagen copolymer phakic intraocular lenses in eyes with keratoconus and myopia: Comparison of 2 methods.
Summary of "Optimizing the vault of collagen copolymer phakic intraocular lenses in eyes with keratoconus and myopia: Comparison of 2 methods."
To compare 2 methods for optimizing the final central vault of a collagen copolymer posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) (Visian Implantable Collamer Lens) in eyes with keratoconus and myopia.
Private practice, Beverly Hills, California, USA.
Comparative interventional study.
The length of the pIOL to implant in keratoconic eyes with myopia was selected based on the white-to-white (WTW) distance or the sulcus-to-sulcus (STS) distance using the pIOL manufacturer's protocol. The final central vault distance was compared a minimum of 3 months postoperatively.
The pIOL length was based on WTW measurements in 8 eyes of 6 patients and on STS measurements in 8 eyes of 5 patients. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the mean preoperative WTW distance, STS distance, or manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) (P = .22, P = .37, and P = 1.00, respectively). The mean postoperative vault was 1.03 corneal thickness +/- 0.72 (SD) in the WTW group and 1.18 +/- 0.35 corneal thickness in the STS group (P = .61). The vault distance was less than 1.0 corneal thickness in 3 eyes (37.5%) in the WTW group and 1 eye (12.5%) in the STS group. A small postoperative vault was associated with a high preoperative MRSE (P = .03).
The WTW and STS methods both provided adequate final central pIOL vault in keratoconic eyes with myopia. The STS calculations gave greater final vault and higher vault predictability, although the difference between the 2 methods was not statistically significant. FINANCIAL
Neither author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Additional disclosure is found in the footnotes.
From Boxer Wachler Vision Institute, Beverly Hills, California, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of cataract and refractive surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20674261
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2010.04.032
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Lenses, generally made of plastic or silicone, that are implanted into the eye in front of the natural EYE LENS, by the IRIS, to improve VISION, OCULAR. These intraocular lenses are used to supplement the natural lens instead of replacing it.
Artificial implanted lenses.
Copolymer of divinyl ether and maleic anhydride that acts as an immunostimulant with antineoplastic and anti-infective properties. It is used in combination with other antineoplastic agents.
An alternative to REFRACTIVE SURGICAL PROCEDURES. A therapeutic procedure for correcting REFRACTIVE ERRORS. It involves wearing CONTACT LENSES designed to force corrective changes to the curvature of the CORNEA that remain after the lenses are removed. The effect is temporary but is maintained by wearing the therapeutic lenses daily, usually during sleep.
Lenses designed to be worn on the front surface of the eyeball. (UMDNS, 1999)