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Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreatic ampulla are uncommon. The final diagnosis is based on histology, and at times, it may be difficult to diagnose them pre-operatively since they present with a similar clinical picture to adenocarcinomas of this region.
Department of Surgery, Government Medical College and Hospital. Chandigarh, India. firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: JOP : Journal of the pancreas
Preoperative systemic inflammatory response is associated with a poor long-term prognosis after resection of malignant tumors. Several indicators of systemic inflammation have been reported to be pred...
Neuroendocrine tumors represent 0.05% of urinary tract malignancies, and most originate in the bladder. Their pathogenesis is debated, since ureters are thought to lack neuroendocrine cells. Morpholog...
-The identification of a precursor lesion is important to understanding the histopathologic and genetic alterations in carcinogenesis. There are a plethora of terminologies that describe precursor les...
-Jejunoileal neuroendocrine tumors (JINETs) are slow-growing, malignant tumors that are often associated with protracted survival, despite their frequent presentation at an advanced stage. A subset of...
To identify molecular prognostic factors and potentially actionable mutations in ampulla of Vater cancer (AVC).
Prospective study to obtain fresh tumor biopsies and three blood samples from patients with a confirmed histological or cytological diagnosis of well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (...
A prospective observational study containing three arms comprising different therapeutic measures to treat patients with neuroendocrine tumors in advanced stages. The therapy arms include ...
This research involves the study of neuroendocrine tumors in order to better understand how the disease grows and spreads. This study requires will use tissue collected from from biopsies ...
Given the lack of other viable treatment options for metastatic neuroendocrine tumors, contrasted with our positive anecdotal experience, and the relative tolerability of the treatment reg...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether monitoring of levels of Serological Markers ProGRP, CgA, NSE and Pyruvate Kinase M2 are effective in the Evaluation of Diagnosis, Monitori...
A dilation of the duodenal papilla that is the opening of the juncture of the COMMON BILE DUCT and the MAIN PANCREATIC DUCT, also known as the hepatopancreatic ampulla.
Tumors whose cells possess secretory granules and originate from the neuroectoderm, i.e., the cells of the ectoblast or epiblast that program the neuroendocrine system. Common properties across most neuroendocrine tumors include ectopic hormone production (often via APUD CELLS), the presence of tumor-associated antigens, and isozyme composition.
Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.
A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A 38-kDa integral membrane glycoprotein of the presynaptic vesicles in neuron and neuroendocrine cells. It is expressed by a variety of normal and neoplastic neuroendocrine cells and is therefore used as an immunocytochemical marker for neuroendocrine differentiation in various tumors. In ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other dementing disorders, there is an important synapse loss due in part to a decrease of synaptophysin in the presynaptic vesicles.
Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas caused by the release of activated pancreatic enzymes. Common triggers are biliary tract disease and chronic heavy alcohol intake. Diagnosis is based on clinical presentation...