Chronic spontaneous urticaria: an autoimmune disease? A revision of the literature.
Summary of "Chronic spontaneous urticaria: an autoimmune disease? A revision of the literature."
The cause of chronic spontaneous urticaria has been an enigma for decades, but the recognition of functional autoantibodies in some patients with the spontaneous chronic urticaria has opened up a new concept of autoimmune urticaria. Clinical and laboratory features are in keeping with an autoimmune aetiology for many patients with otherwise inexplicable disease, but there is still debate about the importance of functional autoantibodies in the disease pathogenesis, how to test them and the clinical implications for treatment and prognosis. This review will look at the evidence for there being an autoimmune subset of urticaria, the strengths and weaknesses of the available tests in current use.
Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Specialistica (DIMIS), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Via del Vespro, 141, 90127, Palermo, Italy, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical and experimental medicine
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22584681
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10238-012-0188-3
Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is characterised by the development of crops of red, itchy, raised weals or hives with no identifiable external cause.
Urticaria produces weals, which are itchy and can affect the quality of life and social functioning of an affected patient. There are several different subtypes of urticaria. This article focuses on c...
Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) has been traditionally managed with antihistamines. Over the years, studies using different formulations and dosing regimens have delineated the limits of their eff...
Urticaria is a heterogeneous group of diseases. Chronic urticaria significantly impacts quality-of-life of patients. Second generation, non-sedating antihistamines are recommended as first line treatm...
Chronic urticaria (CU) is one of the most puzzling clinical entities confronted by the medical profession. It is a common motive for consultation, and in a sizable proportion of patients no identifiab...
Chronic urticaria symptoms commonly fluctuate from day by day. Consequently the clinical presentation of a patient in each visit is not representative of the current disease status. Dermat...
The objective of this study is to perform an exploratory analysis to determine if a possible relationship between vitamin D and chronic urticaria and/or angioedema exists. The study hypot...
Stress and chronic urticaria has been linked. The purpose of the study is to evaluate a patients chronic urticaria and stress levels before and after he/she goes through six sessions desi...
One of the proposed mechanisms in CU is autoimmunity. It was shown by a positive response to autologous serum skin test (ASST)in almost half of chronic urticaria (CU) patients. IL-18 also ...
Hives affects 10-25% of the population worldwide at some time during their lifetime. Hives are itchy transient swellings of the skin lasting 4-36 hours. Chronic urticaria is defined as hiv...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Autoimmune diseases affecting multiple endocrine organs. Type I is characterized by childhood onset and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, CHRONIC MUCOCUTANEOUS), while type II exhibits any combination of adrenal insufficiency (ADDISON'S DISEASE), lymphocytic thyroiditis (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE;), HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; and gonadal failure. In both types organ-specific ANTIBODIES against a variety of ENDOCRINE GLANDS have been detected. The type II syndrome differs from type I in that it is associated with HLA-A1 and B8 haplotypes, onset is usually in adulthood, and candidiasis is not present.
A circumstance where a substance or organism takes fire and burns without an exogenous source. Spontaneous human combustion differs from preternatural human combustibility in that in the latter, some spark or trivial flame sets the fire and the body tissues, which have a greatly enhanced inflammability, continue to undergo incineration without any external heat source or combustible materials. (Bergman NA. Spontaneous human combustion: its role in literature and science. Pharos 1988;Fall;51(4):18-21)
Experimental animal models for human AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. They include GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME (see NEURITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); MYASTHENIA GRAVIS (see MYASTHENIA GRAVIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); and MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (see ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL).
Inflammatory diseases of the THYROID GLAND. Thyroiditis can be classified into acute (THYROIDITIS, SUPPURATIVE), subacute (granulomatous and lymphocytic), chronic fibrous (Riedel's), chronic lymphocytic (HASHIMOTO DISEASE), transient (POSTPARTUM THYROIDITIS), and other AUTOIMMUNE THYROIDITIS subtypes.
Chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, characterized by the presence of high serum thyroid AUTOANTIBODIES; GOITER; and HYPOTHYROIDISM.