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The cause of chronic spontaneous urticaria has been an enigma for decades, but the recognition of functional autoantibodies in some patients with the spontaneous chronic urticaria has opened up a new concept of autoimmune urticaria. Clinical and laboratory features are in keeping with an autoimmune aetiology for many patients with otherwise inexplicable disease, but there is still debate about the importance of functional autoantibodies in the disease pathogenesis, how to test them and the clinical implications for treatment and prognosis. This review will look at the evidence for there being an autoimmune subset of urticaria, the strengths and weaknesses of the available tests in current use.
Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Specialistica (DIMIS), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Via del Vespro, 141, 90127, Palermo, Italy, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical and experimental medicine
The natural history of the progression from acute spontaneous urticaria (ASU) to chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU), CSU remains poorly understood.
Nonsedating antihistamines are the treatment of choice for chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU), while omalizumab and immunosuppressants have also been approved as an add-on treatment. Autologous whole...
Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) patients are widely held to often have other autoimmune disorders, including autoimmune thyroid disease. Here, we systematically evaluated the literature on the pre...
Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a mast cell-driven disease that is defined as the recurrence of wheals, angioedema, or both for >6 weeks due to known or unknown causes. As of yet, disease diagn...
The knowledge about chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) phenotypes is based on its clinical characteristics, associated comorbidities, course of the disease and its response to the available effective...
Chronic spontaneous urticaria is an inflammatory disease which is characterized with intermittent or daily urticaria. This diseases lasts for more than 6 weeks. Several recent studies have...
Urticaria is one of the most frequent presenting complaints in dermatology, allergy, and emergency departments. The term chronic urticaria (CU) is understood as the appearance of recurrent...
The aim of this study is to determine whether autologous adipose tissue derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells of treatment for chronic autoimmune urticaria is safe and effective.
This trial will assess the efficacy of optimized re-treatment therapy with omalizumab (150mg or 300mg) after relapse, in patients with Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria who were clinically wel...
A safety extension study to evaluate the long-term safety of QGE031 240 mg s.c. given every 4 weeks for 52 weeks in Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria patients who completed study CQGE031C2201
Autoimmune diseases affecting multiple endocrine organs. Type I is characterized by childhood onset and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, CHRONIC MUCOCUTANEOUS), while type II exhibits any combination of adrenal insufficiency (ADDISON'S DISEASE), lymphocytic thyroiditis (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE;), HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; and gonadal failure. In both types organ-specific ANTIBODIES against a variety of ENDOCRINE GLANDS have been detected. The type II syndrome differs from type I in that it is associated with HLA-A1 and B8 haplotypes, onset is usually in adulthood, and candidiasis is not present.
Immune-mediated inflammation of the PITUITARY GLAND often associated with other autoimmune diseases (e.g., HASHIMOTO DISEASE; GRAVES DISEASE; and ADDISON DISEASE).
A circumstance where a substance or organism takes fire and burns without an exogenous source. Spontaneous human combustion differs from preternatural human combustibility in that in the latter, some spark or trivial flame sets the fire and the body tissues, which have a greatly enhanced inflammability, continue to undergo incineration without any external heat source or combustible materials. (Bergman NA. Spontaneous human combustion: its role in literature and science. Pharos 1988;Fall;51(4):18-21)
Experimental animal models for human AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. They include GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME (see NEURITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); MYASTHENIA GRAVIS (see MYASTHENIA GRAVIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); and MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (see ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL).
Inflammatory diseases of the THYROID GLAND. Thyroiditis can be classified into acute (THYROIDITIS, SUPPURATIVE), subacute (granulomatous and lymphocytic), chronic fibrous (Riedel's), chronic lymphocytic (HASHIMOTO DISEASE), transient (POSTPARTUM THYROIDITIS), and other AUTOIMMUNE THYROIDITIS subtypes.
Autoimmune disorders are conditions that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. There are more than 80 different types of autoimmune disorders. Normally the immune system's white blood cells help protect ...