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Body Adiposity Index and other indexes of body composition in the SAPHIR study: association with cardiovascular risk factors.

Summary of "Body Adiposity Index and other indexes of body composition in the SAPHIR study: association with cardiovascular risk factors."

The accuracy of anthropometric surrogate markers such as the Body adiposity Index (BAI) and other common indexes like the Body Mass index (BMI), Waist to Hip Ratio (WHR) and Waist to Height ratio (WHtR) to predict metabolic sequelae is essential for its use in clinical practice. Thus, we evaluated the strength of BAI and other indexes to relate with anthropometric parameters, adipocytokines, blood lipids, parameters of glucose-homeostasis and blood pressure in 1770 patients from the SAPHIR study in a cross sectional design. Measurements were BAI, BMI, WHR, WHtR, abdominal subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue (aSAT and VAT), total body adipose tissue mass, body weight, waist- and hip circumference (WC and HC), leptin, adiponectin, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), fasting plasma glucose, fasting plasma insulin, the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), systolic and diastolic blood pressure.BAI was significantly associated leptin and HC. We conclude that BAI was the best calculator for leptin. BAI was inferior to BMI to predict anthropometric parameters other than HC, adiponectin, blood lipids, parameters of glucose homeostasis and blood pressure in this cross sectional study.

Affiliation

Department of Internal Medicine I, Innsbruck, Medical University, Austria.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
ISSN: 1930-7381
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.

The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.

A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.

An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".

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