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The role of supplemental oxygen therapy in the healing of esophagojejunal anastomosis is still very much in an experimental stage. The aim of the present prospective, randomized study was to assess the effect of administration of perioperative supplemental oxygen therapy on esophagojejunal anastomosis, where the risk of leakage is high.
We enrolled 171 patients between January 2009 and April 2012 who underwent elective open esophagojejunal anastomosis for gastric cancer. Patients were assigned randomly to an oxygen/air mixture with a fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO(2)) of 30 % (n = 85) or 80 % (n = 86). Administration commenced after induction of anesthesia and was maintained for 6 h after surgery.
The overall anastomotic leak rate was 14.6 % (25 of 171): 17 patients (20 %) had an anastomotic dehiscence in the 30 % FiO(2) group and 8 (9.3 %) in the 80 % FiO(2) group (P < 0.05). The risk of anastomotic leak was 49 % lower in the 80 % FiO(2) group (relative risk 0.61; 95 % confidence interval 0.40-0.95) versus 30 % FiO(2).
Supplemental 80 % FiO(2) provided during and for 6 h after major gastric cancer surgery to reduce postoperative anastomotic dehiscence should be considered part of ongoing quality improvement activities related to surgical care, with few risks to the patient and little associated cost.
Department of Surgery, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of surgical oncology
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