Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The deduced memory consolidation and reconsolidation phases are sensitive to similar amnesic and memory-enhancing treatment. Electroconvulsive stimulus has been well known to impair memory consolidation. Therefore, we hypothesized that electroconvulsive stimulus might disrupt reconsolidation for conditioning-established memories. Delivery of a 200-msec electroconvulsive stimulus (500 V, 25 mA) between mouse pinnas immediately after recall of the cocaine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) impaired the reconsolidation and subsequent expression of this memory. In contrast, the electroconvulsive stimulus (500 V, 25 mA, lasting for 200 ms) did not affect subsequent cocaine-induced CPP performance when the recall procedure was omitted. Systemic pentobarbital injection immediately after the CPP test did not affect subsequent cocaine-induced CPP. Interestingly, several regimens of electroconvulsive stimulus given immediately after the recall of cocaine-induced CPP did not affect subsequent CPP performance when mice were anesthetized by pentobarbital throughout the ECS regimens. Finally, delivery of the ECS (500 V, 25 mA, lasting for 200 ms) immediately after the reactivation of passive avoidance (PA) and food-induced CPP impaired subsequent performance of these memories in the retest. Taken together, we conclude that a short-lasting electroconvulsive stimulus can deteriorate the reconsolidation of various forms of memory established by conditioning.
Institute of Behavioral Medicine, National Cheng Kung University College of Medicine, Tainan 70101, Taiwan, Republic of China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Chinese journal of physiology
Consolidated memories become labile upon reactivation and as a result have to go through reconsolidation to become re-stabilized. This property of memory may potentially be used to reduce the impact o...
The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is known to contribute to contextual and spatial learning and memory. This is consistent with its well-established connectivity; the RSC is located at the interface of v...
Dysfunctional fear responses play a central role in many mental disorders. New insights in learning and memory suggest that pharmacological and behavioural interventions during the reconsolidation of ...
A brief 10-min time delay between an initial and subsequent exposure to extinction trials has been found to impair memory reconsolidation in fear-conditioned rodents and humans, providing a potential ...
Efficacy and adverse effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) depend on the extent to which the electrical stimulus exceeds patients' seizure thresholds (STs). Titration method of estimating ST is r...
Blocking of reconsolidation by pharmacological or behavioral means offers the therapeutic possibility of weakening traumatic memories in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Two reconsoli...
This study will evaluate the effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) administered with medication for the treatment of a major depressive episode (unipolar or bipolar) and will co...
The consolidation of learning is enhanced by adrenalin and other stress hormones. This memory enhancing effect is opposed by propranolol. In post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a psyc...
Intrusive memories of traumatic events are core features of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) but little is known about the neurobiological formation of intrusions. The aim of this stud...
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the US. While approximately 70% of smokers attempt to quit each year, only 5-15% maintain abstinence for 12 months, e...
Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
Preparative treatment of transplant recipient with various conditioning regimens including radiation, immune sera, chemotherapy, and/or immunosuppressive agents, prior to transplantation. Transplantation conditioning is very common before bone marrow transplantation.
The tendency to react to stimuli that are different from, but somewhat similar to, the stimulus used as a conditioned stimulus.
Reflex closure of the eyelid occurring as a result of classical conditioning.
Physical conditioning of domestic, laboratory, and zoo animals. Includes exercising of animals.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...