Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This retrospective study reports data obtained from the National Institute of Criminalistics of the Brazilian Federal Police Department (DPF) on 3676 anabolic products seized between 2006 and 2011. Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) were declared on the labels of 96.2% of the products. About one third of the products declared to be from Paraguay, and 14.3% from Brazil. Stanozolol, testosterone and nandrolone were the substances most declared on the labels. Package and qualitative chemical analyses (performed on 2818 products) found that 31.7% of the seized products were counterfeit, with an increase in the counterfeit detection rate during the period. Almost half of the fake products did not contain the declared substances, and 28.3% had only non-declared substances. Testosterone and its esters were responsible for 45% of the 582 cases of non-declared drug detection. Package analysis alone was responsible for the identification of 4.6% of all counterfeit products. These results indicate the need for a continuous effort by the government aimed at decreasing the availability of these products in the country.
National Institute of Criminalistics, Federal Police Department, Brazil.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Forensic science international
To examine the prevalence of anabolic steroid misuse among US adolescent boys as a function of sexual orientation and race/ethnicity.
Several fatal cases of bodybuilders, following a myocardial infarction after long exposure to androgenic-anabolic steroids (AAS), are reported. In recent years, evidence has emerged of cases of heart ...
Anabolic-androgenic steroids abuse is on the rise among adolescent boys and young men, mostly in those seeking a 'shortcut' to an improved body image. This approach is associated with the risk of seve...
Motoneuron degeneration is the hallmark of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The cause and predisposing factors for sporadic ALS are still unknown. Exposure to a specific environmental risk factors...
The use of counterfeit or substandard medicines can have an important health impact, resulting in therapeutic failure, be toxic or even cause death. Anabolic steroids are a frequent target for counter...
This prospective, double-blinded study will determine the feasibility of determining the efficacy of a weekly intramuscular injection of nandrolone (an anabolic steroid) in malnourished IC...
This study investigates the effect of genetic variations after supplementation with Brazil nuts in healthy Brazilians. Briefly, all the participants will consume one nut a day for 2 months...
The main aim of the study is to investigate the combined effects of using anabolic steroids and protease inhibitors on fat metabolism and body composition of People Living with HIV/AIDS. ...
Monitoring the GR with a GR-MoAb and FITC-Dex probes by FCM would be useful and convenient in determination GR before the steroid treatment in clinical, especially in steroid resistant sta...
The purpose of this study is to determine if an increased protein intake can attenuate the suppression of metabolic and anabolic hormones during caloric restriction
An anabolic steroid used mainly as an anabolic agent in veterinary practice.
A synthetic steroid that has been used for its anabolic action.
An anabolic steroid with some progestational activity and little androgenic effect.
17-beta-Hydroxyestra-4,9,11-trien-3-one. An anabolic steroid used mainly as a growth substance in animals.
A synthetic steroid with anabolic and androgenic properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1188)
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...