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The pathogenesis of macular pseudohole (MPH) is supposed to be different from that of macular lamellar hole (LMH). MPH is thought to be caused by centripetal contraction of previously present epiretinal membrane. LMH is considered to be an effect of abortive process of full-thickness macular hole formation, or a result of de-roofing of a foveal cyst in persistent cystoid macular oedema. In most cases of LMH, epiretinal membranes are present. The aim of this paper is to show that LMH and MPH may have a common origin and that LMH may evolve from MPH as an epiretinal membrane contracts.
Observational two-case series of patients with MPH and epiretinal membrane. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was performed during follow-up.
In 6 months of follow-up in case 1 and 2 months in case 2, MPH progressed to non-full-thickness macular defect, fulfilling the criterion of LMH in SD-OCT. Non-vitreous interface traction was detected.
SD-OCT proves that MPH may progress to LMH without any vitreous traction. Progressive contraction of epiretinal membranes may be a cause of both MPH and LMH, being an advanced stage of the same non-full-thickness macular disorder.
Klinika Okulistyczna "Jasne Blonia", ul. Rojna 90, 91-134, Lodz, Poland, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
To compare the surgical outcome of a lamellar macular hole (LMH) depending on lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation (LHEP) and full-thickness macular hole.
To compare the features of cystoid cavities associated with full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) imaged with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and en face OCT.
To assess the utility of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in visualizing macular hole (MH) closure through gas-filled eyes on postoperative day (POD) 1 using a dual scanning protocol...
To describe double arcuate relaxing retinotomy as an alternative surgical technique in a case with a secondary large macular hole.
To determine whether surgical manipulation steps of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap, such as ILM trimmed, ILM tuck inside the hole, ILM massage, are mandatory to obtain satisfactory outcomes...
Funds autofluorescence (FAF) indicates hyper fluorescence at the macular hole in the patients with macular hole. Investigators investigate the association between FAF and visual acuity, re...
To evaluate the correlations between anatomical and functional changes studied with microperimetry (MPM) and spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) in patients after successful repair of idiopathic ...
The purpose of this study is to compare functional and anatomical results of a combined surgery and two time surgery for macular hole and cataract extraction in one hundred and twenty pati...
The efficacy of macular hole (MH) surgery with the halting of prone positioning by monitoring the MH closure in the swept source optical coherence tomographic (SS-OCT) images was compared ...
A macular hole is a fairly common problem in the retina and is an important cause of loss of central vision. The aim of this study is to determine whether, in patients with a stage 2 or 3 ...
A form of MACULAR DEGENERATION also known as dry macular degeneration marked by occurrence of a well-defined progressive lesion or atrophy in the central part of the RETINA called the MACULA LUTEA. It is distinguishable from WET MACULAR DEGENERATION in that the latter involves neovascular exudates.
Fluid accumulation in the outer layer of the MACULA LUTEA that results from intraocular or systemic insults. It may develop in a diffuse pattern where the macula appears thickened or it may acquire the characteristic petaloid appearance referred to as cystoid macular edema. Although macular edema may be associated with various underlying conditions, it is most commonly seen following intraocular surgery, venous occlusive disease, DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, and posterior segment inflammatory disease. (From Survey of Ophthalmology 2004; 49(5) 470-90)
Specialized ophthalmic technique used in the surgical repair and or treatment of disorders that include retinal tears or detachment; MACULAR HOLES; hereditary retinal disease; AIDS-related retinal infections; ocular tumors; MACULAR DEGENERATION; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and UVEITIS.
Degenerative changes in the RETINA usually of older adults which results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the MACULA LUTEA) because of damage to the retina. It occurs in dry and wet forms.
A yellow pigment that accumulates in the MACULA LUTEA. It is composed of LUTEIN, meso-zeaxanthin, and ZEAXANTHIN.
Acne Dermatology Eczema Psoriasis Wound Care Dermatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders (Oxford Medical Dictionary). As well as studying how the skin works, dermatology covers...
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