Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The aim of this paper was to describe the development of the cognitive domain of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS) for assessment of preschool children with developmental disabilities. The initial version of the cognitive domain consisted of 87 items. They were administered to 324 preschool children, including 240 children from preschools and 84 children with developmental disabilities. Initial Rasch analysis results indicated that the fit statistics of 42 of the items were outside the acceptable range. Based on the fit statistics and considering the overall structure of the scale, the revised version consisted of 40 items and this version conformed to the Rasch expectations. The revised 40-item scale could differentiate between children with typical development and children with developmental disabilities. It could also differentiate between children from different age groups. The internal consistency estimate (KR-20) was .93. The cognitive domain of the PDAS is considered a promising developmental assessment tool for assessment of developmental disabilities.
Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Research in developmental disabilities
Intellectual disability (ID) is often accompanied by delays in emotional development (ED) that may result in challenging behavior. Insight into emotional functioning is crucial for appropriate diagnos...
Many individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have sedentary lifestyles.
Past research has demonstrated that pictorial preference assessments can predict subsequent reinforcement effects for individuals with developmental disabilities only when access to the selected stimu...
Lead is a preventable environmental toxin that has been previously associated with deficits in cognition, academic performance, attention, and behavior in children. Very few studies, however, have exa...
As a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Canada has committed to protect the rights and dignity of persons with developmental disabilities (DD), which means that...
The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of implementing the AAP's recommendation that clinicians provide developmental surveillance at all ...
Current approaches to treatment of premature infants at risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities have emphasized early assessment and intervention within the first year of life to optimize...
Children with developmental disabilities and children's rehabilitation common case investigation: Long-term follow-up study.
A preliminary study was conducted involving 88 three-year-old children with sickle cell disease (SCD) who were followed at the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Sickle Cell Center.(1)T...
Early intervention refers to the provision of early detection, early diagnosis, and early intervention for infants and young children with special needs. The implementation of home program...
A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It was initially established to investigate the broad aspects of human development as a means of understanding developmental disabilities, including mental retardation, and the events that occur during pregnancy. It now conducts and supports research on all stages of human development. It was established in 1962.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...