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The aim of this paper was to describe the development of the cognitive domain of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS) for assessment of preschool children with developmental disabilities. The initial version of the cognitive domain consisted of 87 items. They were administered to 324 preschool children, including 240 children from preschools and 84 children with developmental disabilities. Initial Rasch analysis results indicated that the fit statistics of 42 of the items were outside the acceptable range. Based on the fit statistics and considering the overall structure of the scale, the revised version consisted of 40 items and this version conformed to the Rasch expectations. The revised 40-item scale could differentiate between children with typical development and children with developmental disabilities. It could also differentiate between children from different age groups. The internal consistency estimate (KR-20) was .93. The cognitive domain of the PDAS is considered a promising developmental assessment tool for assessment of developmental disabilities.
Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Research in developmental disabilities
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A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It was initially established to investigate the broad aspects of human development as a means of understanding developmental disabilities, including mental retardation, and the events that occur during pregnancy. It now conducts and supports research on all stages of human development. It was established in 1962.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
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