Advertisement

Topics

Uncertainty of blank correction in isotope ratio measurement.

08:00 EDT 4th June 2013 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Uncertainty of blank correction in isotope ratio measurement."

Blank correction for isotope ratio measurement on small amounts of substances is often limited by presence of a blank, with an apparent isotopic composition different from that of the sample. For isotope ratios, blank correction is commonly performed either by the regression method, which works without the need for estimation of the blank, or by the subtraction method. With the subtraction method, estimation of the amount and isotope delta of the blank is required, and these estimates could be obtained either by direct, semi-indirect, or indirect measurement. Previously given expressions for the standard uncertainties of indirectly measured blank amounts and blank isotope deltas did not account for covariance between input quantities. In the present work, a previously published data set was re-evaluated, with covariance terms properly included in the calculation of uncertainties. It was shown that covariance effects may yield a significant reduction in uncertainty estimates, both for blank quantities and for blank corrected results. For series measurements on a standard material, it was also shown that the distribution of individual corrected isotope delta values around the average value was approximately normal, with its standard deviation equal to the estimated standard uncertainty of the corrected values. In most cases, it was observed that the regression and subtraction methods yield approximately the same blank corrected average values and uncertainties, regardless of method selected for estimation of blank quantities.

Affiliation

Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences , SE-90183 Umeå, Sweden.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Analytical chemistry
ISSN: 1520-6882
Pages: 5326-9

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [10878 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Fundamental uncertainty equations for nuclear dating applied to the (140)Ba-(140)La and (227)Th-(223)Ra chronometers.

Basic equations for age dating through activity ratio measurements are presented and applied to nuclear chronometers based on parent-daughter decay. Uncertainty propagation formulae are derived which ...

Reference measurements for total mercury and methyl mercury content in marine biota samples using direct or species-specific isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.

The analytical procedures for reference measurements of the total Hg and methyl mercury (MeHg) mass fractions at various concentration levels in marine biota samples, candidates for certified referenc...

FTIR and NDIR spectroscopies as valuable alternatives to IRMS spectrometry for the δ(13)C analysis of food.

The (13)C/(12)C carbon isotope ratio is a chemical parameter with many important applications in several scientific area and the technique of choice currently used for the δ(13)C determination is the...

Measurement function for the activities of multi-gamma-ray emitters in gamma-ray spectrometric measurements.

In gamma-ray spectrometric measurements the background is usually taken into account by conducting measurements on a blank sample. However, this method is not appropriate if many different kinds of sa...

Spatial resolution and measurement uncertainty of strains in bone and bone-cement interface using digital volume correlation.

The measurement uncertainty of strains has been assessed in a bone analogue (sawbone), bovine trabecular bone and bone-cement interface specimens under zero load using the Digital Volume Correlation (...

Clinical Trials [2024 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Computerized Cognitive Bias Intervention for Intolerance of Uncertainty

This investigation examines the efficacy of a brief, one-session computerized interpretation bias modification paradigm (CBM-I) in the reduction of intolerance of uncertainty. Intolerance ...

Study to Evaluate 13 C Isotope Ratio Measurement for Urea Cycle Capacity Assessment

In this short-term study a method for the evaluation of the metabolic competency of the urea cycle in vivo will be assessed. In order to monitor the efficacy of new treatment options for p...

Assessment of a Diagnostic Medical Device for the INR (International Normalized Ratio) Measurement

The purpose of this study is to assess the measurement conformity of an in vitro diagnostic device measuring the INR (International harmonized Ratio).

FFP Versus PCC in Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage

The goal of this study will be to determine whether PCC confers any benefits over FFP in the traumatic intracranial hemorrhage with respect to multiple factors including time to correction...

Randomized Controlled Trial Assessing the Efficacy of a Communication Skills Training Program

Today, oncological care offers more effective and personalized treatments than ever before, while cancer patients and their physicians are increasingly confronted with uncertainty. Physici...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)

The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.

The professional practice of primary eye and vision care that includes the measurement of visual refractive power and the correction of visual defects with lenses or glasses.

Measurement of the index of refraction (the ratio of the velocity of light or other radiation in the first of two media to its velocity in the second as it passes from one into the other).

Hydrogen. The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight 1. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article