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Blank correction for isotope ratio measurement on small amounts of substances is often limited by presence of a blank, with an apparent isotopic composition different from that of the sample. For isotope ratios, blank correction is commonly performed either by the regression method, which works without the need for estimation of the blank, or by the subtraction method. With the subtraction method, estimation of the amount and isotope delta of the blank is required, and these estimates could be obtained either by direct, semi-indirect, or indirect measurement. Previously given expressions for the standard uncertainties of indirectly measured blank amounts and blank isotope deltas did not account for covariance between input quantities. In the present work, a previously published data set was re-evaluated, with covariance terms properly included in the calculation of uncertainties. It was shown that covariance effects may yield a significant reduction in uncertainty estimates, both for blank quantities and for blank corrected results. For series measurements on a standard material, it was also shown that the distribution of individual corrected isotope delta values around the average value was approximately normal, with its standard deviation equal to the estimated standard uncertainty of the corrected values. In most cases, it was observed that the regression and subtraction methods yield approximately the same blank corrected average values and uncertainties, regardless of method selected for estimation of blank quantities.
Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences , SE-90183 Umeå, Sweden.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Analytical chemistry
Difference frequency generation using one 1.58-μm and two 1.06-μm distributed feedback Bragg-grating laser diodes and a ridge-type PPLN alternately provide two 3.2-μm coaxial waves resonant with in...
Basic equations for age dating through activity ratio measurements are presented and applied to nuclear chronometers based on parent-daughter decay. Uncertainty propagation formulae are derived which ...
Phase-conjugate degenerate four-wave mixing (PCDFWM), as a sub-Doppler spectroscopy technique, can be employed to selectively analyze Li isotopes. It is necessary to explore the optimal incident power...
In gamma-ray spectrometric measurements the background is usually taken into account by conducting measurements on a blank sample. However, this method is not appropriate if many different kinds of sa...
The measurement uncertainty of strains has been assessed in a bone analogue (sawbone), bovine trabecular bone and bone-cement interface specimens under zero load using the Digital Volume Correlation (...
This investigation examines the efficacy of a brief, one-session computerized interpretation bias modification paradigm (CBM-I) in the reduction of intolerance of uncertainty. Intolerance ...
In this short-term study a method for the evaluation of the metabolic competency of the urea cycle in vivo will be assessed. In order to monitor the efficacy of new treatment options for p...
The purpose of this study is to assess the measurement conformity of an in vitro diagnostic device measuring the INR (International harmonized Ratio).
The goal of this study will be to determine whether PCC confers any benefits over FFP in the traumatic intracranial hemorrhage with respect to multiple factors including time to correction...
The study is designed to determine whether a dual isotope protocol is equivalent to a single isotope in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia and infarction using MYOVIEW SPECT imaging.
The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The professional practice of primary eye and vision care that includes the measurement of visual refractive power and the correction of visual defects with lenses or glasses.
Measurement of the index of refraction (the ratio of the velocity of light or other radiation in the first of two media to its velocity in the second as it passes from one into the other).
Hydrogen. The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight 1. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.