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Esophageal cancer continues to represent a formidable challenge for both patients and clinicians. Relative 5-year survival rates for patients have improved over the past three decades, probably linked to a combination of improved surgical outcomes, progress in systemic chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and the increasing acceptance of multimodality treatment. Surgical treatment remains a fundamental component of the treatment of localized esophageal adenocarcinoma. Multiple approaches have been described for esophagectomy, which can be thematically grouped under two major categories: either transthoracic or transhiatal. The main controversy rests on whether a more extended resection through thoracotomy provides superior oncological outcomes as opposed to resection with relatively limited morbidity and mortality through a transhiatal approach. After numerous trials have addressed these issues, neither approach has consistently proven to be superior to the other one, and both can provide excellent short-term results in the hands of experienced surgeons. Moreover, the available literature suggests that experience of the surgeon and hospital in the surgical management of esophageal cancer is an important factor for operative morbidity and mortality rates, which could supersede the type of approach selected. Oncological outcomes appear to be similar after both procedures.
Section of General Surgery and Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, 5841 S. Maryland Ave MC 5094, Chicago, IL 60637, United States. email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: World journal of gastroenterology : WJG
The incidence and presentation of hiatal hernias after esophagectomy (HHAE) are not well characterized, and may be changing with increased survival from esophageal cancer. The aims of this study were ...
Surgery remains one of the major treatment options available to patients with esophageal cancer, with high mortality in certain cohorts. The aim of this study was to develop a simple preoperative risk...
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The purpose of this study is to test 2 different methods of surgery to remove cancer in the esophagus. This research is being done to see whether removing more tissue and lymph nodes sur...
Esophagectomy for benign or malignant disease of the esophagus can be performed using a transhiatal technique or Ivor Lewis technique (combined laparotomy with thoracotomy). These procedu...
Esophageal carcinoma is an aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. Surgical resection remains the basic method of management of this malignancy. Although different approaches have been d...
Multi-Center Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing Standard Esophagectomy Against Chemo-Radiotherapy for Treatment of Squamous Esophageal Cancer – Early Results From the Chinese University Research Group for Esophageal Cancer (CURE)
A multicenter randomized comparison of primary esophagectomy against definitive chemoradiotherapy for the treatment of squamous esophageal cancer.
To compare laparoscopically-assisted gastric mobilization versus open gastric mobilization in Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy for esophageal cancer, with open thoracic approach in the 2 arms.
Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.
A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of ESOPHAGEAL DIVERTICULA in the ESOPHAGUS.
Excision of part (partial) or all (total) of the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Disorders affecting the motor function of the UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; the ESOPHAGUS body, or a combination of these parts. The failure of the sphincters to maintain a tonic pressure may result in gastric reflux of food and acid into the esophagus (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX). Other disorders include hypermotility (spastic disorders) and markedly increased amplitude in contraction (nutcracker esophagus).
A mild form of LIMITED SCLERODERMA, a multi-system disorder. Its features include symptoms of CALCINOSIS; RAYNAUD DISEASE; ESOPHAGEAL MOTILITY DISORDERS; sclerodactyly, and TELANGIECTASIS. When the defect in esophageal function is not prominent, it is known as CRST syndrome.
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...