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Esophageal cancer continues to represent a formidable challenge for both patients and clinicians. Relative 5-year survival rates for patients have improved over the past three decades, probably linked to a combination of improved surgical outcomes, progress in systemic chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and the increasing acceptance of multimodality treatment. Surgical treatment remains a fundamental component of the treatment of localized esophageal adenocarcinoma. Multiple approaches have been described for esophagectomy, which can be thematically grouped under two major categories: either transthoracic or transhiatal. The main controversy rests on whether a more extended resection through thoracotomy provides superior oncological outcomes as opposed to resection with relatively limited morbidity and mortality through a transhiatal approach. After numerous trials have addressed these issues, neither approach has consistently proven to be superior to the other one, and both can provide excellent short-term results in the hands of experienced surgeons. Moreover, the available literature suggests that experience of the surgeon and hospital in the surgical management of esophageal cancer is an important factor for operative morbidity and mortality rates, which could supersede the type of approach selected. Oncological outcomes appear to be similar after both procedures.
Section of General Surgery and Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, 5841 S. Maryland Ave MC 5094, Chicago, IL 60637, United States. firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: World journal of gastroenterology : WJG
Esophageal cancer is an uncommon but highly lethal disease. Surgical resection is the gold standard of treatment for early-stage disease. Traditional surgical approach entailed significant convalescen...
To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing the gastric-tube vs. whole-stomach for esophageal cancer in order to determine the optimal surgical technique of esophagectomy.
Quality measures for patients with early and locally advanced esophageal cancer undergoing esophagectomy have been made by national organizations. The rate of adherence to these measures as well as th...
The recurrence patterns and therapeutic outcomes of patients with recurrent esophageal cancer after curative esophagectomy are not fully understood.
To investigate the factors associated with weight loss (WL) after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.
The purpose of this study is to test 2 different methods of surgery to remove cancer in the esophagus. This research is being done to see whether removing more tissue and lymph nodes sur...
Esophagectomy for benign or malignant disease of the esophagus can be performed using a transhiatal technique or Ivor Lewis technique (combined laparotomy with thoracotomy). These procedu...
Esophageal carcinoma is an aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. Surgical resection remains the basic method of management of this malignancy. Although different approaches have been d...
Multi-Center Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing Standard Esophagectomy Against Chemo-Radiotherapy for Treatment of Squamous Esophageal Cancer – Early Results From the Chinese University Research Group for Esophageal Cancer (CURE)
A multicenter randomized comparison of primary esophagectomy against definitive chemoradiotherapy for the treatment of squamous esophageal cancer.
To compare laparoscopically-assisted gastric mobilization versus open gastric mobilization in Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy for esophageal cancer, with open thoracic approach in the 2 arms.
Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.
A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of ESOPHAGEAL DIVERTICULA in the ESOPHAGUS.
Circular innermost layer of the ESOPHAGUS wall that mediates esophageal PERISTALSIS which pushes ingested food bolus toward the stomach.
Excision of part (partial) or all (total) of the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Disorders affecting the motor function of the UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; the ESOPHAGUS body, or a combination of these parts. The failure of the sphincters to maintain a tonic pressure may result in gastric reflux of food and acid into the esophagus (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX). Other disorders include hypermotility (spastic disorders) and markedly increased amplitude in contraction (nutcracker esophagus).
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...