Local and systemic effects of leg cycling training on arterial wall thickness in healthy humans.
Summary of "Local and systemic effects of leg cycling training on arterial wall thickness in healthy humans."
Exercise training is associated with direct effects on conduit artery function and structure. Cross-sectional studies suggest the presence of systemic changes in wall thickness as a result of exercise in healthy subjects, but no previous study has examined this question in humans undertaking exercise training.
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Tom Reilly Building, Byrom Street, Liverpool L3 3AF, United Kingdom; Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The Netherlands. Electronic address: D.Thijssen@ljmu.ac.uk.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23880177
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.05.013
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A set of opposing, nonequilibrium reactions catalyzed by different enzymes which act simultaneously, with at least one of the reactions driven by ATP hydrolysis. The results of the cycle are that ATP energy is depleted, heat is produced and no net substrate-to-product conversion is achieved. Examples of substrate cycling are cycling of gluconeogenesis and glycolysis pathways and cycling of the triglycerides and fatty acid pathways. Rates of substrate cycling may be increased many-fold in association with hypermetabolic states resulting from severe burns, cold exposure, hyperthyroidism, or acute exercise.
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