Sociodemographic, lifestyle, mental health and dietary factors associated with direction of misreporting of energy intake.

12:57 EDT 29th August 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Sociodemographic, lifestyle, mental health and dietary factors associated with direction of misreporting of energy intake."


OBJECTIVE:
To estimate the extent of under- and over-reporting, to examine associations with misreporting and sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics and mental health status and to identify differential reporting in micro- and macronutrient intake and quality of diet.
DESIGN:
A health and lifestyle questionnaire and a semi-quantitative FFQ were completed as part of the 2007 Survey of Lifestyle, Attitudes and Nutrition. Energy intake (EI) and intake of micro- and macronutrients were determined by applying locally adapted conversion software. A dietary score was constructed to identify healthier diets. Accuracy of reported EI was estimated using the Goldberg method. ANOVA, chi2 tests and logistic regression were used to examine associations.
SETTING:
Residential households in Ireland.
SUBJECTS:
A nationally representative sample of 7521 adults aged 18 years or older.
RESULTS:
Overall, 33.2 % of participants were under-reporters while 11.9 % were over-reporters. After adjustment, there was an increased odds of under-reporting among obese men (OR = 2.01, 95 % CI 1.46, 2.77) and women (OR = 1.68, 95 % CI 1.23, 2.30) compared to participants with a healthy BMI. Older age, low socio-economic status and overweight/obesity reduced the odds of over-reporting. Among under-reporters, the percentage of EI from fat was lower and overall diet was healthier compared to accurate and over-reporters. The reported usage of salt, fried food consumption and snacking varied significantly by levels of misreporting.
CONCLUSIONS:
Patterns in differential reporting were evident across sociodemographic, lifestyle and mental health factors and diet quality. Consideration should be given to how misreporting affects nutrient analysis to ensure sound nutritional policy.

Affiliation

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College Cork, Brookfield Health Sciences Complex, College Road, Cork, Ireland.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Public health nutrition
ISSN: 1475-2727
Pages: 1-10

Links

PubMed Articles [24519 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A meta-review of lifestyle interventions for cardiovascular risk factors in the general medical population: lessons for individuals with serious mental illness.

Individuals with serious mental illness die years younger than members of the general population, with cardiovascular disease and related risk factors accounting for the majority of deaths. Lifestyle ...

Sociodemographic determinants of university students' lifestyles.

Objective It has been observed during recent decades that a large percentage of the population has an inadequate lifestyle and that there is a need for identifying factors determining such behavior pa...

Improving Lifestyle Interventions for People With Serious Mental Illnesses: Qualitative Results From the STRIDE Study.

Individuals with serious mental illnesses are disproportionately affected by overweight and obesity. Understanding the factors that facilitate or hinder lifestyle change in this population could lead ...

Dietary changes and dietary supplement use, and underlying motives for these habits reported by colorectal cancer survivors of the Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial Treatment and Long-Term Evaluation of Survivorship (PROFILES) registry.

In the present study, we aimed to describe dietary changes made post-diagnosis and current dietary supplement use by survivors of colorectal cancer (CRC), and explore the underlying motives for these ...

Probability and amounts of yogurt intake are differently affected by sociodemographic, economic, and lifestyle factors in adults and the elderly-results from a population-based study.

The aim of this population-based cross-sectional health survey (N = 532) was to investigate the factors associated with the probability and amounts of yogurt intake in Brazilian adults and the elderly...

Clinical Trials [4274 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of Dietary, Lifestyle, and Environmental Factors on Patients With Early-Stage Bladder Cancer

RATIONALE: Learning about the long-term effects of dietary, lifestyle, and environmental factors on the risk of cancer progression and recurrence may help the study of bladder cancer in th...

Exploratory Analysis on the Impact of Morbidities on Colorectal Cancer Screening Uptake

The primary aim of this project is to examine the association between having a long-term condition (morbidity) and screening uptake for colorectal cancer. Whilst this project will consider...

Shared Mental Health Care Linking Mental Health Services With Family Medicine Groups

The purpose of this study is to assess how a multidisciplinary team of mental health professionals provides services to patients from two family medicine practices.

A Prospective Evaluation of Health Services Outcomes and Emerging Cardiovascular Disease Biomarkers

The primary aim of the proposed research is to examine the relationship of lifestyle changes to new dietary, biomedical, and cellular parameters among new enrollees entering the "Dr. Dean ...

The Elite Athlete Mental Health Strategy Trial

The purpose of this study is to determine whether positive mental health help-seeking attitudes, and behaviour in elite athletes can be increased through an online intervention.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Voluntary organizations which support educational programs and research in psychiatry with the objective of the promotion of mental health. An early association in the United States was founded as the National Committee for Mental Hygiene in 1909, became the Mental Health Association in 1976 and later the National Mental Health Association in 1980. State and local mental health associations in this country are chartered by the national organization and affiliated with it.

Branch of psychiatry concerned with the provision and delivery of a coordinated program of mental health care to a specified population. The foci included in this concept are: all social, psychological and physical factors related to etiology, prevention, and maintaining positive mental health in the community.

An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.

An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.

A component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with research, overall planning, promoting, and administering mental health programs and research. It was established in 1949.


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Psychiatry
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention.  Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...

Mental Health
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...

Nutrition
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Advertisement
 

Searches Linking to this Article