Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Phenolic acid content and composition have been determined in 26 wheat genotypes grown in Hungary over three consecutive years and at three additional locations (France, United Kingdom, and Poland) during the third year. Fractions comprising free, soluble conjugated, and bound phenolic acids were analyzed using HPLC with measurements being made for individual phenolic acids in each fraction. Statistically significant differences in phenolic acid content occurred across the different growing locations with the average total phenolic acid content being highest in the genotypes grown in Hungary. The growth year in Hungary also had a large impact, especially on the free and conjugated phenolic acid contents. Certain genotypes were more resistant to environmental impacts than others. Of the genotypes with high levels of total phenolic acids, Lynx, Riband, Tommi, and Cadenza were most stable with respect to their total contents, whereas Valoris, Herzog, and Malacca, also high in phenolic acid content, were least stable. Of the three fractions analyzed, the free and conjugated phenolic acids were most variable and were also susceptible to the effect of environment, whereas bound phenolic acids, which comprised the greatest proportion of the total phenolic acids, were the most stable.
Department of Plant Science, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
Effects of different cellulases on the release of phenolic acids from rice straw during saccharification were investigated in this study. All cellulases tested increased the contents of phenolic acids...
The neuroprotective role of phenolic acids from food has previously been reported by many authors. In this review, the role of phenolic acids in ameliorating depression, ischemia/reperfusion injury, n...
Using commercial cultivars to compose crossing blocks in cotton is a promising strategy, because these materials have desirable agronomic and technological characteristics. The objective of this study...
Genetic diversity of cultivated wheat was markedly reduced, first, during domestication and, second, since the onset of modern elite breeding. There is an increasing demand for utilizing genetic resou...
The wide usage of acetaminophen as human medicine has resulted in its ubiquitous occurrence in various environmental compartments. However, the information for the transformation of acetaminophen in s...
A diet rich in whole grain is inversely associated with cardiovascular disease risk and this benefit could be partly attributed to the phenolic acid content of whole grains. The exact abso...
Anthocyanins are the most common polyphenols in berries and red wine, along with other flavonoids, phenolic acids, minerals and vitamins. Anthocyanins are extensively metabolized and they ...
The study's main objective is to investigate the effects of acute consumption of a preparation containing 100 mg of a specific phenolic compound (patent pending, P201531587) on systolic BP...
An acute, randomized, placebo controlled, double blinded crossover study in health subjects. Participants will complete 4 intervention arms in random order consisting of a placebo control ...
This study investigates the health benefits of whole grain wheat on cardiovascular/ cardio-metabolic health, including glucose metabolism, by means of applying a mixed meal challenge. This...
Allergic reaction to wheat that is triggered by the immune system.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The capability of an organism to survive and reproduce. The phenotypic expression of the genotype in a particular environment determines how genetically fit an organism will be.
A class of phenolic acids related to chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, etc., which are found in plant tissues. It is involved in plant growth regulation.
The theory that human CHARACTER and BEHAVIOR are shaped by the GENES that comprise the individual's GENOTYPE rather than by CULTURE; ENVIRONMENT; and individual choice.