Advertisement

Topics

Effects of Environment and Genotype on Phenolic Acids in Wheat in the HEALTHGRAIN Diversity Screen (dagger).

06:00 EDT 17th August 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effects of Environment and Genotype on Phenolic Acids in Wheat in the HEALTHGRAIN Diversity Screen (dagger)."

Phenolic acid content and composition have been determined in 26 wheat genotypes grown in Hungary over three consecutive years and at three additional locations (France, United Kingdom, and Poland) during the third year. Fractions comprising free, soluble conjugated, and bound phenolic acids were analyzed using HPLC with measurements being made for individual phenolic acids in each fraction. Statistically significant differences in phenolic acid content occurred across the different growing locations with the average total phenolic acid content being highest in the genotypes grown in Hungary. The growth year in Hungary also had a large impact, especially on the free and conjugated phenolic acid contents. Certain genotypes were more resistant to environmental impacts than others. Of the genotypes with high levels of total phenolic acids, Lynx, Riband, Tommi, and Cadenza were most stable with respect to their total contents, whereas Valoris, Herzog, and Malacca, also high in phenolic acid content, were least stable. Of the three fractions analyzed, the free and conjugated phenolic acids were most variable and were also susceptible to the effect of environment, whereas bound phenolic acids, which comprised the greatest proportion of the total phenolic acids, were the most stable.

Affiliation

Department of Plant Science, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
ISSN: 1520-5118
Pages: 9341-52

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [23394 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

In Vitro Bioaccessibility of Phenolic Acids from a Commercial Aleurone-Enriched Bread Compared to a Whole Grain Bread.

Wheat aleurone, due to its potentially higher bioaccessibility and bioavailability of micronutrients and phenolic acids, could represent a useful ingredient in the production of commonly consumed cere...

Breeding Vegetables with Increased Content in Bioactive Phenolic Acids.

Vegetables represent a major source of phenolic acids, powerful antioxidants characterized by an organic carboxylic acid function and which present multiple properties beneficial for human health. In ...

Genetically divergent types of the wheat leaf fungus Puccinia triticina in Ethiopia, a center of tetraploid wheat diversity.

Collections of Puccinia triticina, the wheat leaf rust fungus, were obtained from tetraploid and hexaploid wheat in the central highlands of Ethiopia, and a smaller number from Kenya from 2011 to 2013...

Effect of environment and genotypes on the physicochemical quality of the grains of newly developed wheat inbred lines.

To meet the increased demand for wheat consumption, wheat cultivation in Sudan expanded southward to latitudes lower than 15°N, entering a new and warmer environment. Consequently, wheat breeders dev...

Induction of nodD Gene in a Betarhizobium Isolate, Cupriavidus sp. of Mimosa pudica, by Root Nodule Phenolic Acids.

A range of phenolic acids, viz., p-coumaric acid, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, and cinnamic acid have been isolated and identified by ...

Clinical Trials [2174 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Oat Phenolics Bioavailability

A diet rich in whole grain is inversely associated with cardiovascular disease risk and this benefit could be partly attributed to the phenolic acid content of whole grains. The exact abso...

Investigation on the Sustained Effect of Anthocyanins on Endothelial Function in Postmenopausal Women

Anthocyanins are the most common polyphenols in berries and red wine, along with other flavonoids, phenolic acids, minerals and vitamins. Anthocyanins are extensively metabolized and they ...

Effect of a Specific Phenolic Compound on Blood Pressure

The study's main objective is to investigate the effects of acute consumption of a preparation containing 100 mg of a specific phenolic compound (patent pending, P201531587) on systolic BP...

Investigation of Acute Mood and Cognitive Performance Effects of Beverages Containing Phenolics in Healthy Adults

An acute, randomized, placebo controlled, double blinded crossover study in health subjects. Participants will complete 4 intervention arms in random order consisting of a placebo control ...

Improving Resilience With Whole Grain Wheat

This study investigates the health benefits of whole grain wheat on cardiovascular/ cardio-metabolic health, including glucose metabolism, by means of applying a mixed meal challenge. This...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.

Allergic reaction to wheat that is triggered by the immune system.

The capability of an organism to survive and reproduce. The phenotypic expression of the genotype in a particular environment determines how genetically fit an organism will be.

The theory that human CHARACTER and BEHAVIOR are shaped by the GENES that comprise the individual's GENOTYPE rather than by CULTURE; ENVIRONMENT; and individual choice.

A class of phenolic acids related to chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, etc., which are found in plant tissues. It is involved in plant growth regulation.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article