An investigation of exudative epidermitis (greasy pig disease) and antimicrobial resistance patterns of Staphylococcus hyicus and Staphylococcus aureus isolated from clinical cases.

10:31 EDT 30th May 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "An investigation of exudative epidermitis (greasy pig disease) and antimicrobial resistance patterns of Staphylococcus hyicus and Staphylococcus aureus isolated from clinical cases."

Exudative epidermitis (EE) is a common skin disease of young pigs, caused mainly by Staphylococcus hyicus. Increased prevalence of EE and poor response to treatment are reported. Common strategies used by Ontario pork producers to treat pigs with EE were determined using a survey. Injection of penicillin G was reported as the most common parenteral antibiotic choice. Antimicrobial resistance patterns of S. hyicus and Staphylococcus aureus isolated from clinical cases (30 herds with samples from approximately 6 pigs per farm) showed that 97% of S. hyicus isolates were resistant to penicillin G and ampicillin; 71% of these isolates were resistant to ceftiofur. Similar resistance was noted among S. aureus isolates. Antimicrobial resistance has become a problem in the treatment of EE in Ontario.

Affiliation

Department of Population Medicine (Park, Friendship, Poljak, Dewey) and Department of Pathobiology (Weese), Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Canadian veterinary journal. La revue vétérinaire canadienne
ISSN: 0008-5286
Pages: 139-44

Links

PubMed Articles [28384 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Seasonal, Geographic, and Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns in Microbial Keratitis: 4-Year Experience in Eastern Pennsylvania.

The aim of this study was to review the demographics, causative organisms, seasonal and geographic variation, and antimicrobial resistance patterns of microbial keratitis at our institution over a 4-y...

Antibiotic Resistance Prevalence in Routine Bloodstream Isolates from Children's Hospitals Varies Substantially from Adult Surveillance Data in Europe.

Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is central for defining appropriate strategies to deal with changing AMR levels. It is unclear whether childhood AMR patterns differ from those detected ...

Antimicrobial Resistance and Integron Profiles in Multidrug-Resistant Escherichia coli Isolates from Pigs.

Abstract From July 2006 to June 2008, a total of 3876 Escherichia coli strains were collected from 1014 porcine intestinal contents to investigate antimicrobial resistance and related gene patterns. A...

Strategies to combat antimicrobial resistance.

The global burden of antimicrobial resistance is rising and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in clinical and community setting. Spread of antibiotic resistance to different environ...

Prevalence of antimicrobial use in a network of Canadian hospitals in 2002 and 2009.

Increasing antimicrobial resistance has been identified as an important global health threat. Antimicrobial use is a major driver of resistance, especially in the hospital sector. Understanding the ex...

Clinical Trials [3816 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Inter-Mountain Project on Antimicrobial Resistance and Therapy (IMPART)

This is a four-year study, funded by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, related to antimicrobial resistance in rural communities. The project consists of four components: A) ...

The Causes and Interpretation of Low-level Resistance in Staphylococcus Aureus

The hypothesis of this investigation is that rate of isolation of resistant nosocomial pathogens can be explained by a combination of measures that include, among other things, antimicrobi...

Antimicrobial Drug Use and Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

The purpose of this investigation is to study the relationships between antimicrobial stewardship program efforts, antimicrobial drug use, and infection control efforts to the incidence r...

Rapid Diagnosis of Antibiotic Resistance in Gonorrhoea

The purpose of this study is to develop a laboratory-based assay that will be a real-time PCR test to detect the organism N. gonorrhoeae and its most important genetic markers of antimicro...

Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of N. Gonorrhea Isolates in an Era of Quinolone Resistance

To perform a laboratory sensitivity testing survey of antibiotic agents against Neisseria gonorrhea isolates from men with symptomatic urethritis seen at an STD clinic.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An acute generalized dermatitis of pigs which occurs from 5 to 35 days of age, characterized by sudden onset, with morbidity of 10 to 90% and mortality of 5 to 90%. The lesions are caused by Staphylococcus hyos but the bacterial agent is unable to penetrate the intact skin. Abrasions on the feet and legs or lacerations on the body frequently precede infection. In acute cases, a vesicular-type virus may be the predisposing factor. The causative organism is inhibited by most antibiotics. (Merck Veterinary Manual, 5th ed)

The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).

The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).

A chronic inflammatory disease of the skin with unknown etiology. It is characterized by moderate ERYTHEMA, dry, moist, or greasy (SEBACEOUS GLAND) scaling and yellow crusted patches on various areas, especially the scalp, that exfoliate as dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis is common in children and adolescents with HIV INFECTIONS.

Resistance to a disease agent resulting from the production of specific antibodies by the host, either after exposure to the disease or after vaccination.

Search BioPortfolio:
Loading
Advertisement

Relevant Topic

Dermatology
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Dermatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders (Oxford Medical Dictionary). As well as studying how the skin works, dermatology covers a range of diseases including skin allergies, alopecia, Behcet'...

Advertisement

Searches Linking to this Article