Advertisement

Topics

Efficient sweat reduction of three different antiperspirant application forms during stress-induced sweating.

08:00 EDT 31st July 2013 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Efficient sweat reduction of three different antiperspirant application forms during stress-induced sweating."

Stress sweating can occur in everyday situations independently of thermally-induced perspiration. It is triggered by emotionally challenging situations and leads to underarm wetness and a characteristic unpleasant malodor. In this study, we aimed to determine the long-term efficacy of three unperfumed antiperspirant (AP) formulas for different application forms (roll-on, stick, aerosol) against stress-induced sweating and malodor formation. We utilized the widely accepted Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) to induce psychosocial stress in female and male volunteers (18 - 40 years) and determined physiological stress parameters. To additionally assess the efficacy of the test AP roll-on against thermally-induced sweating, a hot room study was performed. Increasing heart rates and an augmentation of saliva cortisol levels during the TSST indicated a substantial stress reaction which was paralleled by a pronounced sweat production in the untreated axillae of both males and females. Forty-eight hours after application, all three test APs significantly decreased the amount of sweat in the treated axillae independent of gender. With respect to AP effects on malodor production, trained sniffers assessed sweat samples collected during the TSST from the untreated axillae as significantly more malodorous than comparable samples from the AP-treated axillae. Also, independent of gender the test AP roll-on significantly decreased the thermally-induced sweat in the AP-treated axilla. In conclusion, we show for the first time a highly effective reduction of emotionally-induced axillary sweating and malodor production for three different application forms 48 h after the last product use. The specially developed roll-on, stick, and aerosol AP provide long-term protection against stress-induced sweat which is of high relevance in everyday life. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Affiliation

Research & Development, Beiersdorf AG, Unnastrasse 48, 20245, Hamburg, Germany.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of cosmetic science
ISSN: 1468-2494
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [17556 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Immediate Wheal Reactivity to Autologous Sweat in Atopic Dermatitis Is Associated with Clinical Severity, Serum Total and Specific IgE and Sweat Tryptase Activity.

Sweating can worsen atopic dermatitis (AD). The purpose of this work was to study the associations between reactivity to autologous sweat and the clinical severity of AD as well as investigate the pos...

Does Replacing Sodium Excreted in Sweat Attenuate the Health Benefits of Physical Activity?

International guidelines suggest limiting sodium intake to 86-100 mmol/day, but average intake exceeds 150 mmol/day. Participants in physical activities are, however, advised to increase sodium intake...

Determination of different recreational drugs in sweat by headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry (HS-SPME GC/MS): Application to drugged drivers.

A procedure based on headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been developed for the determination of most commonly used drugs of a...

Hydrochromic Approaches to Mapping Human Sweat Pores.

Hydrochromic materials, which undergo changes in their light absorption and/or emission properties in response to water, have been extensively investigated as humidity sensors. Recent advances in the ...

Leaching from the stratum corneum does not explain the previously reported elevated potassium ion concentration in sweat.

The purpose of this study was to determine if K+ is leached from the stratum corneum when sweat is present on the skin's surface. The results will help address whether sweat [K+] previously reported i...

Clinical Trials [3398 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

To Determine the Effects of Deodorant, Antiperspirant and Washing on the Pharmacokinetics of 2% Testosterone MD Lotion

Testosterone replacement treatment is the most effective way of treating hypogonadism in men. Acrux has a propriety testosterone replacement product, Testosterone MD-Lotion and this ...

Evaluation of the Sensitivity of a Transdermal Device to Monitor the Sweat Alcohol Concentration

A non invasive transdermal sensor device was developed by the Im2Np laboratory to determine the presence of vapor of alcohol in insensible perspiration. One of possible application would ...

Patient Characteristics in Daily Radiological Practice of Gadovist® Application (PATRON)

To evaluate patient characteristics in the current daily radiological practice of Gadovist application. Special focus will be laid on the individual risk factors of patients, the indicatio...

Swipe Out Stroke (SOS): Feasibility of Using a Consumer Based Electronic Application to Improve Compliance With Weight Loss in Obese Minority Stroke Patients

This pilot study evaluates the use of a mobile application to improve weight loss in obese stroke patients. The investigators hypothesize that acute stroke patients who use the mobile appl...

Kinetics of Etheric Oils, Smart Textiles vs. Ointment

The purpose of the study is to determine whether the application form of etheric oils (camphor, cineol and menthol) causes changes in the concentration of this agents in the exhaled air. T...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A syndrome of cutaneous changes associated with sweat retention and extravasation of sweat at different levels in the skin. Miliaria rubra, or prickly heat, results from apocrine duct obstruction. The sweat then seeps into the epidermis, producing pruritic erythematous papulovesicles. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.

A benign neoplasm derived from epithelial cells of sweat glands. (Stedman, 25th ed)

The fluid excreted by the SWEAT GLANDS. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.

Sweat-producing structures that are embedded in the DERMIS. Each gland consists of a single tube, a coiled body, and a superficial duct.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Stress
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...

Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...


Searches Linking to this Article