Risk, theory, social and medical models: A critical analysis of the concept of risk in maternity care.
Summary of "Risk, theory, social and medical models: A critical analysis of the concept of risk in maternity care."
there is an on-going debate about perceptions of risk and risk management in maternity care.
to provide a critical analysis of the risk concept, its development in modern society in general and UK maternity services in particular. Through the associated theory, we explore the origins of the current preoccupation with risk Using Pickstone's historical phases of modern health care, the paper explores the way maternity services changed from a social to a medical model over the twentieth century and suggests that the risk agenda was part of this process. KEY
current UK maternity services policy which promotes normality contends that effective risk management screens women suitable for birth in community maternity units (CMUs) or home birth: however, although current policy advocates a return to this more social model, policy implementation is slow in practice. IMPLICATIONS FOR
the slow implementation of current maternity policy in is linked to perceptions of risk. We content that intellectual and social capital remains within the medical model.
NHS Highland, Assynt House, Beechwood Park, Inverness IV2 3BW, UK; Centre for Rural Health, University of Aberdeen, Centre for Health Science, Inverness, UK.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20719418
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2010.07.003
This article reflects on the Critical theory, stemming from the most important philosophical concepts and the modifications it has endured over time. Thereafter, we expose the contribution of the Crit...
Concept Analysis: Self-efficacy and Sexual Risk-Taking Behaviors of Adolescents PURPOSE: This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the concept of self-efficacy and adolescent sexual risk-taking beha...
Risk prediction models estimate the risk of developing future outcomes for individuals based on one or more underlying characteristics (predictors). We review how researchers develop and validate risk...
This article responds to current critiques of Ulrich Beck's 'risk society' thesis by historians of science and medicine. Those who have engaged with the concept of risk society have been content to ac...
The article explores a sociological perspective on grief as a social emotion. Focusing on the social bond with the deceased, the self-concept of the survivor or the power of feeling rules, general soc...
Investigations into the components of cognition damaged in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) demonstrate that patients with FTD show deficits in facial and verbal expression recognition, lack ...
Although spousal support predicts the success of a smoker's cessation efforts, "social support" interventions based on teaching partners better support skills have had consistently disappo...
Social, medical and economic burdens of diabetes care result from microvascular, macrovascular and neurological complications. Sustained reduction in hyperglycemia can reduce the incidenc...
Empathy constitutes one prominent ability of social cognition, which represents the human capability of understanding mental state of the other, and responding in sympathetic way. Two sets...
OBJECTIVES: I. Describe the psychosocial response of parents and caretakers who learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) techniques for infants at high risk for respiratory or cardiac ar...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
Theoretical models simulating behavior or activities in nursing, including nursing care, management and economics, theory, assessment, research, and education. Some examples of these models include Orem Self-Care Model, Roy Adaptation Model, and Rogers Life Process Model.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Analysis of word concepts by the association of polar adjectives, e.g., good-bad, with the concept, father. The adjectives are usually scaled in 7 steps. The subject's placement of the concept on the adjectival scale indicates the connotative meaning of the concept.