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The degradation of chlorinated organic compounds, such as PCE (tetrachloroethene), TCE (trichloroethene) and 1,1,1-TCA (1,1,1-trichloroethane), was conducted using nanosized FePd bimetallic particles. In order to enhance the reactivity of ZVI (zero valent iron) nanoparticles, surface modification of ZVI nanoparticles was performed using Pd and CMC (carboxymethyl cellulose). The surface modification was found to form CMC-stabilized FePd bimetallic nanoparticles (CMC-FePd). The average TCE removal efficiency by the CMC-FePd was significantly increased by approximately 85% compared to employing conventional ZVI nanoparticles ( approximately 15%). This increase in the TCE removal efficiency was most likely due to the increased amount of atomic hydrogen produced by the formation of CMC-FePd. For PCE and 1,1,1-TCA, the removal efficiencies by CMC-FePd were approximately 80% and 56%, respectively. For all three chlorinated organic compounds, the amount of Cl(-) ions in the aqueous phase during the degradation increased with increasing reaction time. This result suggests that the main degradation mechanism of the chlorinated compounds by CMC-FePd was reductive dechlorination.
Department of Environmental Engineering, Kwangwoon University, 447-1 Wolgye-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 139-701, South Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Ni/Fe bimetallic nanoparticles were synthesized using biochar as a support (BC@Ni/Fe) and their effectiveness in removing BDE209 from soil was investigated. BET, SEM, TEM, XPS and FTIR were used to ch...
Absorbable medical devices must be developed in order to have an appropriate degradation rate in agreement with the healing rate of bone in the implantation site. In this work, biodegradable composite...
Nano zero-valent iron (nZVI) and its modified nanomaterials are widely used in the degradation of some halogenated organic pollutants. In this study, we explored the effects of different proportions o...
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The atomic redistribution processes occurring in multiparticle nanostructures are hardly understood. To obtain a more detailed insight, we applied high-resolution microscopic, diffraction and spectros...
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The interactions of particles responsible for their scattering and transformations (decays and reactions). Because of interactions, an isolated particle may decay into other particles. Two particles passing near each other may transform, perhaps into the same particles but with changed momenta (elastic scattering) or into other particles (inelastic scattering). Interactions fall into three groups: strong, electromagnetic, and weak. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 7th ed)
Round, granular, mononuclear phagocytes found in the alveoli of the lungs. They ingest small inhaled particles resulting in degradation and presentation of the antigen to immunocompetent cells.
Experimental animal models for human AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. They include GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME (see NEURITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); MYASTHENIA GRAVIS (see MYASTHENIA GRAVIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); and MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (see ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL).
Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention.
Three, alpha, beta, and gamma isomers of ultraviolet degradation products of colchicine that lack many of the physiological actions of the parent; used as experimental control for colchicine actions.