Brain infarction localized on left inferior temporal gyrus of presumed fetal onset.

10:11 EDT 30th July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Brain infarction localized on left inferior temporal gyrus of presumed fetal onset."

Abstract Idiopathic perinatal cerebral infarction is recognized to be more common in the preterm infant than previously realized. However, the pathogenic mechanisms and the onset time remain unclear. We encountered an extremely low birth weight female infant with severe intrauterine growth retardation and brain infarction localized on the left inferior temporal gyrus. The onset of the infarction and the precise sequential changes were evaluated with blood data, cranial ultrasound imaging, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography. This is the first published fetal case with brain infarction specifically localized on the left inferior temporal gyrus. Careful observation with serial brain imaging is indispensable for high-risk infarction groups, such as preterm infants with severe intrauterine growth retardation, to detect neurological abnormality earlier and precisely.

Affiliation

Department of Neonatology, Gifu Prefectural General Medical Center, Gifu Prefectural General Medical Center, Noisshiki 4-6-1 Gifu, 500-8717, Japan.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
ISSN: 1341-8076
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Localized or diffuse reduction in blood flow through the vertebrobasilar arterial system, which supplies the BRAIN STEM; CEREBELLUM; OCCIPITAL LOBE; medial TEMPORAL LOBE; and THALAMUS. Characteristic clinical features include SYNCOPE; lightheadedness; visual disturbances; and VERTIGO. BRAIN STEM INFARCTIONS or other BRAIN INFARCTION may be associated.

Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.

A neurosurgical procedure that removes the anterior TEMPORAL LOBE including the medial temporal structures of CEREBRAL CORTEX; AMYGDALA; HIPPOCAMPUS; and the adjacent PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS. This procedure is generally used for the treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TEMPORAL LOBE).

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the inferior wall of the heart is involved. It is often caused by occlusion of the right coronary artery.

Tissue NECROSIS in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Brain infarction is the result of a cascade of events initiated by inadequate blood flow through the brain that is followed by HYPOXIA and HYPOGLYCEMIA in brain tissue. Damage may be temporary, permanent, selective or pan-necrosis.


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