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Present work investigates the potential of chitosan nanoparticles, formulated by the ionic gelation with tripolyphosphate (TPP), to open the cellular tight junctions and in doing so, improve the permeability of model macromolecules. A comparison is made with chitosan solution at equivalent concentrations. Initial work assessed cytotoxicity (through MTS and LDH assays) of chitosan nanoparticles and solutions on Calu-3 cells. Subsequently, a concentration of chitosan nanoparticles and solution exhibiting minimal toxicity was used to investigate the effect on TEER and macromolecular permeability across filter-cultured Calu-3 monolayer. Chitosan nanoparticles and solution were also tested for their effect on the distribution of the tight junction protein, zonnula occludens-1 (ZO-1). Chitosan nanoparticles produced a sharp and reversible decrease in TEER and increased the permeability of two FITC-dextrans (FDs), FD4 (MW 4kDa) and FD10 (MW 10kDa), with effects of a similar magnitude to chitosan solution. Chitosan nanoparticles produced changes in ZO-1 distribution similar to chitosan solution, indicating a tight junction effect. While there was no improvement in permeability with chitosan nanoparticles compared to solution, nanoparticles provide the potential for drug incorporation, and hence the possibility for providing controlled drug release and protection from enzymatic degradation.
The School of Pharmacy, Boots Science Building, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, United Kingdom.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of pharmaceutics
The antibacterial activities of chitosan (CS) and its derivative chitosan oligosaccharide lactate (COL) were evaluated against Aeromonas hydrophila, Edwardsiella ictaluri and Flavobacterium columnare,...
Brown mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) stalk bases from mushroom waste were treated with UV-B light to rapidly increase vitamin D2 content. Chitin was also recovered from this waste and converted into chi...
Chitosan-coated human serum albumin nanoparticles were functionalized by MUC1 aptamer to obtain a selective drug carrier toward cancers overexpressing MUC1. The negative charges of albumin nanoparticl...
We have described a simple and reliable colorimetric method for the sensing of biothiols such as cysteine, homocysteine, and glutathione in biological samples. The selective binding of chitosan capped...
This study has been carried out on reviewing the use of new synthetic component of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) coated by Chitosan-linoleic acid (CS-LA) and to assess Minimum inhibitory concentr...
Chitosan is a natural product that is produced commercially through the deacetylation of chitin, which is found in the exoskeleton of crustaceans. It has been suggested that chitosan has a...
The "dry eye syndrome" DES is a highly prevalent ocular disease, in particular in the elderly population. One mainstay of therapy for patients suffering from DES is the use of topically ad...
34 adult (>18 years) cancer pain outpatients with Opioid base therapy because of pain and breakthrough pain or extreme pain on movement will be included in this prospective, randomized, do...
Purpose: This study is aimed to be a prospective clinical trial to investigate the efficacy of a chitosan-coated nasal packing (ChitoFlex® used in conjunction with the HemCon Nasal Plug)...
The purpose of this study is to determine if the use of HemCon chitosan-based dressings is effective to facilitate safe, effective debridement of chronic wounds in the operating room and i...
A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in INSECTS and FUNGI. When deacetylated it is called CHITOSAN.
Deacetylated CHITIN, a linear polysaccharide of deacetylated beta-1,4-D-glucosamine. It is used in HYDROGEL and to treat WOUNDS.
Proteins that take part in the formation or structure of TIGHT JUNCTIONS.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...