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Acetaminophen is the most widely used analgesic-antipyretic and is available as an over-the-counter medication in many countries. Although generally safe at usual therapeutic doses, acetaminophen may cause hepatic toxicity in case of chronic or acute overuse and even at therapeutic doses in susceptible individuals. The aim of this article is to review the mechanisms of acetaminophen toxicity and to review the critical steps in the management of acute or chronic acetaminophen intoxication.
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This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Revue mÃ©dicale suisse
Paracetamol protein adducts (PPA) are a biomarker of paracetamol exposure. PPA are quantified as paracetamol-cysteine (APAP-CYS) and concentrations above 1.1 micromol/L have been suggested as a marker...
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This study is designed to assess bioequivalence between two paracetamol/ phenylephrine combination products.
An accidental or deliberate dose of a medication or street drug that is in excess of what is normally used.
A CNS stimulant that is used to induce convulsions in experimental animals. It has also been used as a respiratory stimulant and in the treatment of barbiturate overdose.
A central nervous system stimulant. It was formerly used in the treatment of barbiturate overdose but is now considered to be of no value for such purposes and may be dangerous. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1229)
Substances that act in the brain stem or spinal cord to produce tonic or clonic convulsions, often by removing normal inhibitory tone. They were formerly used to stimulate respiration or as antidotes to barbiturate overdose. They are now most commonly used as experimental tools.
Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...