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Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is widely viewed as an effective noninvasive method to break stones within the kidney and ureter. However, it is a technology that is not without trauma to the kidney-acute vascular, tubular and interstitial damage is often reported that if severe enough can lead to renal fibrosis (scarring) and permanent loss of functional parenchyma. These chronic changes can potentially lead to serious long-term adverse effects. The risk of developing chronic fibrotic lesions after lithotripsy is influenced by the number of shock waves (SWs) administered, SW power, rate of SW delivery and the number of SWL treatment sessions. The interplay between these risk factors is largely unknown, but progress has been made in identifying SWL protocols and pharmacologic therapies that can ameliorate the acute and chronic tissue damage that is an unintended consequence of SWL treatment.
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Urological research
Various sedative and analgesic techniques have been used during shock wave lithotripsy (SWL).
To compare extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) in terms of efficacy, complications, and overall efficiency in the management of proximal ureteral calculi....
The aim of this study was to evaluate the capability and the reliability of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the changes of kidneys occurring after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) trea...
This study was conducted to evaluate colic pain as a prognostic pretreatment factor that can influence ureter stone clearance and to estimate the probability of stone-free status in shock wave lithotr...
To clarify the diagnostic impact of liver fibrosis except for cirrhosis identified using shear wave elastography (SWE) in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients, and to compare the performance in diagnosi...
Endoscopy is an established method of treatment for painful obstructive calcified pancreatitis. It involves the disintegration of calcifications using extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy...
The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a role of prophylactic therapy with tamsulosin prior extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy to avoid development of steinstrasse. 150 p...
The majority of kidney stones are treated with shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). We are examining if the medication Flomax will result in improved stone passage rates following SWL.
Shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) is a safe, non-invasive treatment for renal calculi. During SWL energy is focused on in order to break kidney stones and this energy can be varied in size from ...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of using the Medstone lithotripter to treat single non-calcified gallstones from 4 to 20 mm in diameter.
The destruction of a calculus of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or gallbladder by physical forces, including crushing with a lithotriptor through a catheter. Focused percutaneous ultrasound and focused hydraulic shock waves may be used without surgery. Lithotripsy does not include the dissolving of stones by acids or litholysis. Lithotripsy by laser is LITHOTRIPSY, LASER.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
A slowly progressive condition of unknown etiology, characterized by deposition of fibrous tissue in the retroperitoneal space compressing the ureters, great vessels, bile duct, and other structures. When associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm, it may be called chronic periaortitis or inflammatory perianeurysmal fibrosis.
A condition in which the hepatic venous outflow is obstructed anywhere from the small HEPATIC VEINS to the junction of the INFERIOR VENA CAVA and the RIGHT ATRIUM. Usually the blockage is extrahepatic and caused by blood clots (THROMBUS) or fibrous webs. Parenchymal FIBROSIS is uncommon.
A family of heat-shock proteins that contain a 70 amino-acid consensus sequence known as the J domain. The J domain of HSP40 heat shock proteins interacts with HSP70 HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS. HSP40 heat-shock proteins play a role in regulating the ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATASES activity of HSP70 heat-shock proteins.
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Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...