Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The aim of this case-control study was to assess the relationship between resistin levels and obesity and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients.
The study involved a sample of the Jordanian population that included 140 type 2 diabetic patients and 125 control subjects.
Serum resistin levels were higher in type 2 diabetic patients compared with the controls (P<0.01). Markers of adiposity [body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)] and insulin resistance, as well as fasting blood glucose, glycated haemoglobin, urea and blood pressure were considerably higher among the studied diabetics than in the controls. When diabetic patients were subdivided into age-group categories of 10-year intervals, resistin levels significantly increased with increased age, with a significant proportion in the group aged>60 years (P<0.01). Similarly, there was a significant association between plasma resistin and blood urea with growing older in diabetic patients. Pearson's analysis revealed positive correlations between plasma resistin and age, urea, creatinine, insulin, BMI, WC, body-fat content and homoeostasis model assessment (HOMA). Furthermore, plasma resistin concentrations were higher in type 2 diabetic obese patients than in non-diabetic obese subjects (P<0.01), whereas no such difference was found between overweight and normal-weight controls.
These results suggest that variations in resistin concentrations are not directly related to susceptibility to type 2 diabetes. However, it may be that resistin plays a role in the pathogenesis of obesity and insulin resistance, both of which could, indirectly, contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Diabetes & metabolism
To investigate whether serum resistin correlated with hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, or insulin resistance (IR) in Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and their first-degree relativ...
Polymorphisms of a single nucleotide in RETN have been associated with indexes of insulin resistance. Our aim was to analyze the effects of the rs1862513 RETN gene polymorphism on insulin resistance, ...
Nutritional excess is a major forerunner of type 2 diabetes. It enhances the secretion of insulin, but attenuates insulin's metabolic actions in the liver, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. However,...
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder with established, well-defined precursors. Obesity and insulin resistance are amongst most important factors in predisposition to diabetes. Rice is a staple for...
Obesity is a contributing factor to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to study the therapeutic potential of intestinal electrical stimulation (IES) for obesity and asso...
Obese individuals have fewer striatal dopamine type 2 receptors (DRD2) than normal weight individuals. Lower DRD2 levels are associated with addiction and a decreased sense of pleasure. ...
The goal of this study is to aggressively treat insulin resistance and its clinical manifestations when they first appear in childhood, and to prevent the subsequent progression towards im...
The aim of the study is to test whether neutralizing TNF-alpha with infliximab affects insulin resistance and phenotypical manifestations of the metabolic syndrome as fasting plasma insuli...
This research is to investigate the nutritional supplement chromium picolinate. A large number of people use chromium picolinate from health food stores to improve the function of the hor...
Glycemic control is rapidly restored in patients with insulin resistance after bariatric surgery, in particular after the mal-absorptive one (i.e. Bilio-pancreatic diversion, BPD). To ev...
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
A 12-kDa cysteine-rich polypeptide hormone secreted by FAT CELLS in the ADIPOSE TISSUE. It is the founding member of the resistin-like molecule (RELM) hormone family. Resistin suppresses the ability of INSULIN to stimulate cellular GLUCOSE uptake.
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...