Bisphosphonates affect migration ability and cell viability of HUVEC, fibroblasts and osteoblasts in vitro.
Summary of "Bisphosphonates affect migration ability and cell viability of HUVEC, fibroblasts and osteoblasts in vitro."
Oral Diseases (2010) doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2010.01720.x Objectives: Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw (BP-ONJ) is a side effect in patients being treated with bisphosphonates. The bisphosphonates most often associated with BP-ONJ are the highly potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, e.g. pamidronate or zoledronate. In terms of BP-ONJ aetiology, several theories are being discussed: inhibition of bone remodelling, effect on soft tissues, and antiangiogenic effect of bisphosphonates. The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of different potent bisphosphonates on osteoblasts, fibroblasts and human umbilicord vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Materials and methods: Three nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (ibandronate, pamidronate and zoledronate) and one non-nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate (clodronate) were compared concerning their potency on apoptosis induction (tunel), cell viability (calcein assay) and migration potency (boyden chamber) on osteoblasts, fibroblasts and HUVEC. Results: The nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, particularly pamidronate and zoledronate, affect cell viability, cell migration and the induction of apoptosis of osteoblasts, fibroblasts and HUVEC. Conclusions: These results support the theory that BP-ONJ is a multifactorially caused disease because several cell lines of the oral cavity which are responsible for integrity and wound healing are negatively affected by nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates. Perioperative interruption of bisphosphonate application during dental surgical procedures - if possible - might be feasible to promote better wound healing.
Department of Oral- and Maxillofacial Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Johannes-Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany (Head: Prof. Dr. Dr. W. Wagner).
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Oral diseases
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20796232
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-0825.2010.01720.x
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Phenomenon of cell-mediated immunity measured by in vitro inhibition of the migration or phagocytosis of antigen-stimulated LEUKOCYTES or MACROPHAGES. Specific CELL MIGRATION ASSAYS have been developed to estimate levels of migration inhibitory factors, immune reactivity against tumor-associated antigens, and immunosuppressive effects of infectious microorganisms.
Ability of a microbe to survive under given conditions. This can also be related to a colony's ability to replicate.
Specific assays that measure the migration of cells. They are commonly used to measure the migration of immune cells in response to stimuli and the inhibition of immune cell migration by immunosuppressive factors.
Assays that measure the rate of migration of MACROPHAGES. They may involve the use hollow plastic chamber, sealed at one end with a porous membrane and suspended over a larger well which may contain CHEMOTACTIC FACTORS. The migration of cell through the pores to the other side of the membrane is measured.
Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).