Advertisement

Topics

Composition of sugar cane, energy cane, and sweet sorghum suitable for ethanol production at Louisiana sugar mills.

Summary of "Composition of sugar cane, energy cane, and sweet sorghum suitable for ethanol production at Louisiana sugar mills."

A challenge facing the biofuel industry is to develop an economically viable and sustainable biorefinery. The existing potential biorefineries in Louisiana, raw sugar mills, operate only 3 months of the year. For year-round operation, they must adopt other feedstocks, besides sugar cane, as supplemental feedstocks. Energy cane and sweet sorghum have different harvest times, but can be processed for bio-ethanol using the same equipment. Juice of energy cane contains 9.8% fermentable sugars and that of sweet sorghum, 11.8%. Chemical composition of sugar cane bagasse was determined to be 42% cellulose, 25% hemicellulose, and 20% lignin, and that of energy cane was 43% cellulose, 24% hemicellulose, and 22% lignin. Sweet sorghum was 45% cellulose, 27% hemicellulose, and 21% lignin. Theoretical ethanol yields would be 3,609 kg per ha from sugar cane, 12,938 kg per ha from energy cane, and 5,804 kg per ha from sweet sorghum.

Affiliation

Audubon Sugar Institute, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, 3845 Highway 75, St. Gabriel, LA, 70776, USA, MKim@agcenter.lsu.edu.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology
ISSN: 1476-5535
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [9097 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Potential for thermochemical conversion of biomass residues from the integrated sugar-ethanol process - Fate of ash and ash-forming elements.

In this work, potential for thermochemical conversion of biomass residues from an integrated sugar-ethanol process and the fate of ash and ash-forming elements in the process are presented. Ash, ash-f...

Chemical torrefaction as an alternative to established thermal technology for stabilisation of sugar cane bagasse as fuel.

Dry and chemical torrefaction of sugar cane bagasse was examined in this study with the aim of stabilising and upgrading the fuel properties of bagasse. Dry torrefaction was conducted at temperatures ...

Comparison between different selection indices in energy cane breeding.

Sugarcane breeding programs have been adapting to a new market demand: aside from high sucrose yield per hectare, the sector needs new cultivars with higher fiber percentages. The selection of sugarca...

Association of TAS2R38 variants with sweet food intake in children aged 1-6 years.

We aimed at studying whether genetic variants of the TAS2R38 gene are associated with energy intake from sweet tasting foods, total energy and macronutrient intake and body weight in children. Childre...

Connected cane: Tactile button input for controlling gestures of iOS voiceover embedded in a white cane.

Accessibility of assistive consumer devices is an emerging research area with potential to benefit both users with and without visual impairments. In this article, we discuss the research and evaluati...

Clinical Trials [2498 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effectiveness of Cane in Osteoarthritis (OA) Patients

Sixty four participants were enrolled in a randomized, controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of daily cane use on pain, function, quality of life and energy consumption d...

Walking Aids in the Management of Hip Osteoarthritis

The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not the use of a nonpharmacologic intervention (single point cane) is effective in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.

Laser Light Cues for Gait Freezing in Parkinson's Disease

The purpose of this study is to gather data to see if the Laser Cane and/or U-Step Walker with laser accessory is more effective in aiding with gait freezing than a regular cane/U-Step Wal...

Influences of Cane Use on Voluntary Forward Stepping Movement and Associated Attentional Demands in Hemiplegic Patients

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of cane use on the movement, kinetics, and associated attentional demands of performing a voluntary forward stepping movement in pati...

Study of Improving Gait Parameters When Using a Cane in "Light Touch" Condition in Elderly People With and Without Walking Difficulties

This project aims to study the effect of haptic sensory information delivered at the hand using a cane in "light touch" or "light support" condition on postural stability and spatial and t...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A plant genus of the family POACEAE widely cultivated in the tropics for the sweet cane that is processed into sugar.

Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.

Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)

One of the non-essential amino acids commonly occurring in the L-form. It is found in animals and plants, especially in sugar cane and sugar beets. It may be a neurotransmitter.

A four-carbon sugar that is found in algae, fungi, and lichens. It is twice as sweet as sucrose and can be used as a coronary vasodilator.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...


Searches Linking to this Article